A naturally occurring bacterial Tat signal peptide lacking one of the 'invariant' arginine residues of the consensus targeting motif
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Currently described substrates of the bacterial Tat protein transport system are directed for export by signal peptides containing a pair of invariant arginine residues. The signal peptide of the TtrB subunit of Salmonella enterica tetrathionate reductase contains a single arginine residue but is nevertheless able to mediate Tat pathway transport. This naturally occurring example of a Tat signal peptide lacking a consensus arginine pair expands the range of sequences that can target a protein to the Tat pathway. The possible implications of this finding for the assembly of electron transfer complexes containing Rieske proteins in plant organelles are discussed.