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Autoimmune pancytopenia following combination chemotherapy for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia

Autoimmune pancytopenia following combination chemotherapy for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia

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Authors

  • S. MacCallum
  • M. Groves
  • D. Brass
  • J. Cunningham
  • M. Sales
  • K. Gelly
  • S. Tauro

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Info

Original languageEnglish
Pages468-470
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Pathology
Journal publication date2009
Journal number5
Volume62
DOIs
StatePublished

Abstract

Autoimmune haemolysis or thrombocytopenia can complicate purine nucleoside monotherapy for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), but Evans syndrome is rare. This is a report of the occurrence of pancytopenia secondary to a unique combination of red cell aplasia with autoimmune thrombocytopenia and neutropenia in a patient with CLL following treatment with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide. This case is unusual for the simultaneous targeting of three haemopoietic lineages by immune dysfunction following fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, which is a treatment regimen believed to reduce autoimmune haematological toxicity in CLL.

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