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Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome

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Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome. / Jones, Deuan C.; Alphey, Magnus S.; Wyllie, Susan; Fairlamb, Alan H. (Lead / Corresponding author).

In: Molecular Microbiology, Vol. 86, No. 1, 10.2012, p. 51-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Jones, DC, Alphey, MS, Wyllie, S & Fairlamb, AH 2012, 'Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome' Molecular Microbiology, vol 86, no. 1, pp. 51-64.

APA

Jones, D. C., Alphey, M. S., Wyllie, S., & Fairlamb, A. H. (2012). Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome. Molecular Microbiology, 86(1), 51-64doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2012.08189.x

Vancouver

Jones DC, Alphey MS, Wyllie S, Fairlamb AH. Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome. Molecular Microbiology. 2012 Oct;86(1):51-64.

Author

Jones, Deuan C.; Alphey, Magnus S.; Wyllie, Susan; Fairlamb, Alan H. (Lead / Corresponding author) / Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome.

In: Molecular Microbiology, Vol. 86, No. 1, 10.2012, p. 51-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{9338a3fd9ed04dcd8c163571d30ab00f,
title = "Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome",
author = "Jones, {Deuan C.} and Alphey, {Magnus S.} and Susan Wyllie and Fairlamb, {Alan H.}",
year = "2012",
volume = "86",
number = "1",
pages = "51--64",
journal = "Molecular Microbiology",
issn = "0950-382X",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemical, genetic and structural assessment of pyridoxal kinase as a drug target in the African trypanosome

A1 - Jones,Deuan C.

A1 - Alphey,Magnus S.

A1 - Wyllie,Susan

A1 - Fairlamb,Alan H.

AU - Jones,Deuan C.

AU - Alphey,Magnus S.

AU - Wyllie,Susan

AU - Fairlamb,Alan H.

PY - 2012/10

Y1 - 2012/10

N2 - Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (vitamin B(6) ) is an essential cofactor for many important enzymatic reactions such as transamination and decarboxylation. African trypanosomes are unable to synthesise vitamin B(6) de novo and rely on uptake of B(6) vitamers such as pyridoxal and pyridoxamine from their hosts, which are subsequently phosphorylated by pyridoxal kinase (PdxK). A conditional null mutant of PdxK was generated in Trypanosoma brucei bloodstream forms showing that this enzyme is essential for growth of the parasite in vitro and for infectivity in mice. Activity of recombinant T. brucei PdxK was comparable to previously published work having a specific activity of 327 ± 13 mU mg(-1) and a K(m) (app) with respect to pyridoxal of 29.6 ± 3.9 µM. A coupled assay was developed demonstrating that the enzyme has equivalent catalytic efficiency with pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine, and that ginkgotoxin is an effective pseudo substrate. A high resolution structure of PdxK in complex with ATP revealed important structural differences with the human enzyme. These findings suggest that pyridoxal kinase is an essential and druggable target that could lead to much needed alternative treatments for this devastating disease.

AB - Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (vitamin B(6) ) is an essential cofactor for many important enzymatic reactions such as transamination and decarboxylation. African trypanosomes are unable to synthesise vitamin B(6) de novo and rely on uptake of B(6) vitamers such as pyridoxal and pyridoxamine from their hosts, which are subsequently phosphorylated by pyridoxal kinase (PdxK). A conditional null mutant of PdxK was generated in Trypanosoma brucei bloodstream forms showing that this enzyme is essential for growth of the parasite in vitro and for infectivity in mice. Activity of recombinant T. brucei PdxK was comparable to previously published work having a specific activity of 327 ± 13 mU mg(-1) and a K(m) (app) with respect to pyridoxal of 29.6 ± 3.9 µM. A coupled assay was developed demonstrating that the enzyme has equivalent catalytic efficiency with pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine, and that ginkgotoxin is an effective pseudo substrate. A high resolution structure of PdxK in complex with ATP revealed important structural differences with the human enzyme. These findings suggest that pyridoxal kinase is an essential and druggable target that could lead to much needed alternative treatments for this devastating disease.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2012.08189.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2012.08189.x

M1 - Article

JO - Molecular Microbiology

JF - Molecular Microbiology

SN - 0950-382X

IS - 1

VL - 86

SP - 51

EP - 64

ER -

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