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Chromatin as an oxygen sensor and active player in the hypoxia response

Chromatin as an oxygen sensor and active player in the hypoxia response

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific review

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Authors

  • Andrew Melvin
  • Sonia Rocha

Research units

Info

Original languageEnglish
Pages35-43
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Signalling
Journal publication dateJan 2012
Journal number1
Volume24
DOIs
StatePublished

Abstract

Changes in the availability or demand for oxygen induce dramatic changes at the cellular level. Primarily, activation of a family of oxygen labile transcription factors, Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF), initiates a variety of cellular processes required to re-instate oxygen homeostasis. Oxygen is sensed by molecular dioxygenases in cells, such as the prolyl-hydroxylases (PHDs), enzymes which are responsible for the oxygen-dependent regulation of HIF. As HIF is a transcription factor it must bind DNA sequences of its target genes possibly in the context of a complex chromatin structure. How chromatin structure changes in response to hypoxia is currently unknown. However, the identification of a novel class of histone demethylases as true dioxygenases suggests that chromatin can act as an oxygen sensor and plays an active role in the coordination of the cellular response to hypoxia. This review will discuss the current knowledge on how hypoxia engages with different proteins involved in chromatin organisation and dynamics. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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