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Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland

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Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland : 1979-1988. Does it matter where you live?. / Williams, F. L. R.; Lloyd, O. Ll. ; Dunbar, J. A. .

In: Public Health, Vol. 105, No. 4, 1991, p. 319-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Williams, FLR, Lloyd, OL & Dunbar, JA 1991, 'Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland: 1979-1988. Does it matter where you live?' Public Health, vol 105, no. 4, pp. 319-326., 10.1016/S0033-3506(05)80217-3

APA

Williams, F. L. R., Lloyd, O. L., & Dunbar, J. A. (1991). Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland: 1979-1988. Does it matter where you live?. Public Health, 105(4), 319-326. 10.1016/S0033-3506(05)80217-3

Vancouver

Williams FLR, Lloyd OL, Dunbar JA. Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland: 1979-1988. Does it matter where you live?. Public Health. 1991;105(4):319-326. Available from: 10.1016/S0033-3506(05)80217-3

Author

Williams, F. L. R.; Lloyd, O. Ll. ; Dunbar, J. A. / Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland : 1979-1988. Does it matter where you live?.

In: Public Health, Vol. 105, No. 4, 1991, p. 319-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{f79c60bee45e4aef87077cfe7d584370,
title = "Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland: 1979-1988. Does it matter where you live?",
author = "Williams, {F. L. R.} and Lloyd, {O. Ll.} and Dunbar, {J. A.}",
year = "1991",
doi = "10.1016/S0033-3506(05)80217-3",
volume = "105",
number = "4",
pages = "319--326",
journal = "Public Health",
issn = "0033-3506",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland

T2 - 1979-1988. Does it matter where you live?

A1 - Williams,F. L. R.

A1 - Lloyd,O. Ll.

A1 - Dunbar,J. A.

AU - Williams,F. L. R.

AU - Lloyd,O. Ll.

AU - Dunbar,J. A.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - The purpose of this study was to calculate and compare the geographical distributions of male and female deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland. A retrospective, nationwide study of deaths from road traffic accidents was undertaken; all road traffic deaths between 1979 and 1988 were included. Deaths were abstracted from the Annual Reports of the Registrar General for Scotland. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for males and for females were calculated for 1979-83 and 1984-88. Maps showing the distributions of high SMRs (SMR &amp;amp;gt; 135 or P &amp;amp;lt; 0.05) and low SMRs (SMR &amp;amp;lt; 65 or P &amp;amp;lt; 0.05) were prepared for males and females separately.<br/>The geographical distributions of deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland were dissimilar to those of England and Wales. For both sexes, high mortality was predominantly in the sparsely populated regions of the north and south of Scotland; whereas low mortality was found in the cities and the populous central belt. Possible reasons for this pattern are discussed: speed, response time (both of notification of the accident and of arrival of the ambulance), distance to nearest hospital with suitable emergency facilities, and road conditions.

AB - The purpose of this study was to calculate and compare the geographical distributions of male and female deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland. A retrospective, nationwide study of deaths from road traffic accidents was undertaken; all road traffic deaths between 1979 and 1988 were included. Deaths were abstracted from the Annual Reports of the Registrar General for Scotland. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for males and for females were calculated for 1979-83 and 1984-88. Maps showing the distributions of high SMRs (SMR &amp;amp;gt; 135 or P &amp;amp;lt; 0.05) and low SMRs (SMR &amp;amp;lt; 65 or P &amp;amp;lt; 0.05) were prepared for males and females separately.<br/>The geographical distributions of deaths from road traffic accidents in Scotland were dissimilar to those of England and Wales. For both sexes, high mortality was predominantly in the sparsely populated regions of the north and south of Scotland; whereas low mortality was found in the cities and the populous central belt. Possible reasons for this pattern are discussed: speed, response time (both of notification of the accident and of arrival of the ambulance), distance to nearest hospital with suitable emergency facilities, and road conditions.

U2 - 10.1016/S0033-3506(05)80217-3

DO - 10.1016/S0033-3506(05)80217-3

M1 - Article

JO - Public Health

JF - Public Health

SN - 0033-3506

IS - 4

VL - 105

SP - 319

EP - 326

ER -

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