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Derivation of a macroscopic model for nutrient uptake by hairy-roots

Derivation of a macroscopic model for nutrient uptake by hairy-roots

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Original languageEnglish
Pages4586-4596
Number of pages11
JournalNonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications
Journal publication dateDec 2010
Journal number6
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished

Abstract

In this article the process of nutrient uptake by a single root branch is studied. We consider diffusion and active transport of nutrients dissolved in water. The uptake happens on the surface of thin root hairs distributed periodically and orthogonal to the root surface. Water velocity is defined by the Stokes equations. We derive a macroscopic model for nutrient uptake by a hairy-root from microscopic descriptions using homogenization techniques. The macroscopic model consists of a reaction-diffusion equation in the domain with hairs and a diffusion-convection equation in the domain without hairs. The macroscopic water velocity is described by the Stokes system in the domain without hairs, with no-slip condition on the boundary between domain with hairs and free fluid. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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