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Filaggrin in atopic dermatitis (Reprinted from J Allergy Clin Immunol vol 122, pg 689-93, 2008)

Filaggrin in atopic dermatitis (Reprinted from J Allergy Clin Immunol vol 122, pg 689-93, 2008)

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Authors

  • Grainne M. O'Regan
  • Aileen Sandilands
  • W. H. Irwin McLean
  • Alan D. Irvine

Research units

Info

Original languageEnglish
PagesR2-R6
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Journal publication dateSep 2009
Journal number3
Volume124
DOIs
StatePublished

Abstract

The recent identification of loss-of-function mutations in the structural protein filaggrin as a widely replicated major risk factor for eczema sheds new light on disease mechanisms in eczema, a disease that had heretofore largely been considered to have a primarily immunologic etiopathogenesis. The filaggrin gene (FLG) mutation findings are consistent with a recently proposed unifying hypothesis that offers a mechanistic understanding of eczema pathogenesis synthesizing a heritable epithelial barrier defect and resultant diminished epidermal defense mechanisms to allergens and microbes, followed by polarized T(H)2 lymphocyte responses with resultant chronic inflammation, including autoimmune mechanisms. Although compelling evidence from genetic studies on FLG implicates perturbed barrier function as a key player in the pathogenesis of eczema in many patients, much is still unknown about the sequence of biologic, physicochemical, and aberrant regulatory events that constitute the transition from an inherited barrier defect to clinical manifestations of inflammatory eczematous lesions and susceptibility to related atopic disorders. The exact contribution of FLG to the wider atopic story, factors modifying FLG expression, and the role of other barrier proteins remain to be delineated. In this review we highlight recent advances in our understanding of the FLG genetics in the cause of eczema and related complex diseases. (Reprinted from J Allergy Clin Immunol 2008; 122: 689-93.)

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