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IKK and NF-kappa B-mediated regulation of Claspin impacts on ATR checkpoint function

IKK and NF-kappa B-mediated regulation of Claspin impacts on ATR checkpoint function

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Original languageEnglish
Pages2966-2978
Number of pages13
JournalEMBO Journal
Journal publication date1 Sep 2010
Volume29
Issue17
DOIs
StatePublished
Peer-reviewedYes

Abstract

In response to replication stress, Claspin mediates the phosphorylation and activation of Chk1 by ATR. Claspin is not only necessary for the propagation of the DNA-damage signal, but its destruction by the ubiquitin-proteosome pathway is required to allow the cell to continue the cell cycle allowing checkpoint recovery. Here, we demonstrate that both the NF-kappa B family of transcription factors and their upstream kinase IKK can regulate Claspin levels by controlling its mRNA expression. Furthermore, we show that c-Rel directly controls Claspin gene transcription. Disruption of IKK and specific NF-kappa B members impairs ATR-mediated checkpoint function following DNA damage. Importantly, hyperactivation of IKK results in a failure to inactivate Chk1 and impairs the recovery from the DNA checkpoint. These results uncover a novel function for IKK and NF-kappa B modulating the DNA-damage checkpoint response, allowing the cell to integrate different signalling pathways with the DNA-damage response. The EMBO Journal (2010) 29, 2966-2978. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2010.171; Published online 23 July 2010

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