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Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols

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Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols. / Dinkova-Kostova, Albena T.; Wang, Xiu Jun.

In: Chemico-Biological Interactions, Vol. 192, No. 1-2, 30.06.2011, p. 101-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Dinkova-Kostova, AT & Wang, XJ 2011, 'Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols' Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol 192, no. 1-2, pp. 101-106., 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.09.010

APA

Dinkova-Kostova, A. T., & Wang, X. J. (2011). Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 192(1-2), 101-106. 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.09.010

Vancouver

Dinkova-Kostova AT, Wang XJ. Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols. Chemico-Biological Interactions. 2011 Jun 30;192(1-2):101-106. Available from: 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.09.010

Author

Dinkova-Kostova, Albena T.; Wang, Xiu Jun / Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols.

In: Chemico-Biological Interactions, Vol. 192, No. 1-2, 30.06.2011, p. 101-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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@article{8aaf44fdc96b4091bb8c674557f36268,
title = "Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols",
keywords = "ARE, Keap1, Nrf2, Quinone, tBHQ, Transition metal, GLUTATHIONE-S-TRANSFERASE, ANTIOXIDANT RESPONSE ELEMENT, CANCER-PROTECTIVE ENZYMES, CUL3-BASED E3 LIGASE, YA-SUBUNIT GENE, CYSTEINE RESIDUES, OXIDATIVE STRESS, COVALENT MODIFICATION, DIETARY ANTIOXIDANTS, INDUCIBLE EXPRESSION",
author = "Dinkova-Kostova, {Albena T.} and Wang, {Xiu Jun}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.cbi.2010.09.010",
volume = "192",
number = "1-2",
pages = "101--106",
journal = "Chemico-Biological Interactions",
issn = "0009-2797",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Induction of the Keapl/Nrf2/ARE pathway by oxidizable diphenols

A1 - Dinkova-Kostova,Albena T.

A1 - Wang,Xiu Jun

AU - Dinkova-Kostova,Albena T.

AU - Wang,Xiu Jun

PY - 2011/6/30

Y1 - 2011/6/30

N2 - <p>Inducible Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway determines the ability of multicellular organisms to adapt to conditions of stress caused by oxidants and electrophiles through upregulating proteins with versatile cytoprotective functions. Para- and ortho-hydroquinones were among the first identified small-molecule inducers of this pathway. Their oxidative lability strongly suggested that the electrophilic quinone metabolites, and not the hydroquinones themselves, were the ultimate inducers. Molecular orbital calculations re-enforced this notion by showing linear correlations between inducer potency and: (i) the ability of diphenols to release electrons, and (ii) the electron affinity of their corresponding quinones. Consequently, a two-step mechanism was proposed which involves oxidation of the diphenols to their corresponding quinone derivatives, followed by modification of specific cysteine residues of the sensor protein Keap1. Our finding that Cu2+, as well as other transition metals, enhanced induction by oxidizable diphenols provided a rationale to test this hypothesis. We found that hypoxia inhibits the potentiation of diphenolic inducer activity afforded by copper as oxygen is required to oxidize Cu+ and regenerate Cu2+. In the stably transfected AREc32 reporter cell line, exposure to 2-tert-butyl-1,4-hydroquinone (tBHQ) for 30 min induced ARE-luciferase (measured 24 h later) only in the presence of copper (Cu2+ or Cu+), whereas induction by tert-butyl-1,4-quinone (tBQ) was copper-independent. tBQ but not tBHQ reacts with cysteine residues of Keap1. Other para- and ortho-hydroquinones, such as catechol estrogens, dopamine, and L-DOPA, also induce ARE-driven transcription in a Cu2+-dependent manner. Thus, based on theoretical and experimental evidence, the oxidation of para- and ortho-hydroquinones to their corresponding electrophilic quinones is a requisite step for the activation of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.</p>

AB - <p>Inducible Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway determines the ability of multicellular organisms to adapt to conditions of stress caused by oxidants and electrophiles through upregulating proteins with versatile cytoprotective functions. Para- and ortho-hydroquinones were among the first identified small-molecule inducers of this pathway. Their oxidative lability strongly suggested that the electrophilic quinone metabolites, and not the hydroquinones themselves, were the ultimate inducers. Molecular orbital calculations re-enforced this notion by showing linear correlations between inducer potency and: (i) the ability of diphenols to release electrons, and (ii) the electron affinity of their corresponding quinones. Consequently, a two-step mechanism was proposed which involves oxidation of the diphenols to their corresponding quinone derivatives, followed by modification of specific cysteine residues of the sensor protein Keap1. Our finding that Cu2+, as well as other transition metals, enhanced induction by oxidizable diphenols provided a rationale to test this hypothesis. We found that hypoxia inhibits the potentiation of diphenolic inducer activity afforded by copper as oxygen is required to oxidize Cu+ and regenerate Cu2+. In the stably transfected AREc32 reporter cell line, exposure to 2-tert-butyl-1,4-hydroquinone (tBHQ) for 30 min induced ARE-luciferase (measured 24 h later) only in the presence of copper (Cu2+ or Cu+), whereas induction by tert-butyl-1,4-quinone (tBQ) was copper-independent. tBQ but not tBHQ reacts with cysteine residues of Keap1. Other para- and ortho-hydroquinones, such as catechol estrogens, dopamine, and L-DOPA, also induce ARE-driven transcription in a Cu2+-dependent manner. Thus, based on theoretical and experimental evidence, the oxidation of para- and ortho-hydroquinones to their corresponding electrophilic quinones is a requisite step for the activation of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.</p>

KW - ARE

KW - Keap1

KW - Nrf2

KW - Quinone

KW - tBHQ

KW - Transition metal

KW - GLUTATHIONE-S-TRANSFERASE

KW - ANTIOXIDANT RESPONSE ELEMENT

KW - CANCER-PROTECTIVE ENZYMES

KW - CUL3-BASED E3 LIGASE

KW - YA-SUBUNIT GENE

KW - CYSTEINE RESIDUES

KW - OXIDATIVE STRESS

KW - COVALENT MODIFICATION

KW - DIETARY ANTIOXIDANTS

KW - INDUCIBLE EXPRESSION

U2 - 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.09.010

DO - 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.09.010

M1 - Article

JO - Chemico-Biological Interactions

JF - Chemico-Biological Interactions

SN - 0009-2797

IS - 1-2

VL - 192

SP - 101

EP - 106

ER -

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