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Interleukin-1 and TRAF6-dependent activation of TAK1 in the absence of TAB2 and TAB3

Interleukin-1 and TRAF6-dependent activation of TAK1 in the absence of TAB2 and TAB3

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  • Jiazhen Zhang
  • Thomas Macartney
  • Mark Peggie
  • Philip Cohen (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2235-2248
Number of pages16
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number13
Early online date15 May 2017
StatePublished - 26 Jul 2017


Interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling induces the formation of Lys63-linked ubiquitin (K63-Ub) chains, which are thought to activate the “master” protein kinase TAK1 by interacting with its TAB2 and TAB3 subunits. Here, we report that IL-1β can also activate the TAB1-TAK1 heterodimer present in TAB2/TAB3 double knock-out (DKO) IL-1 receptor-expressing cells. The IL-1β-dependent activation of the TAB1- TAK1 heterodimer in TAB2/3 DKO cells required the expression and E3 ligase activity of TRAF6 and was reduced by the siRNA knock-down of Ubc13, an E2 conjugating enzyme that directs the formation of K63-Ub chains. IL-1β signaling was restored to TAB1/2/3 triple KO cells by the re-expression of either TAB1 or TAB2, but not by a ubiquitin-binding-defective mutant of TAB2. We conclude that IL-1β can induce the activation of TAK1 in two ways, only one of which requires the binding of K63-Ub chains to TAB2/3. The early IL-1β-stimulated, TAK1-dependent activation of p38α MAP kinase and the canonical IKK complex, as well as the NF-κBdependent transcription of immediate early genes was similar in TAB2/3 DKO and TAB2/3-expressing cells. However, in contrast to TAB2/3-expressing cells, IL-1β signaling was transient in TAB2/3 DKO cells and the activation of JNK1, JNK2 and p38γ was greatly reduced at all times. These observations indicate a role for TAB2/3 in directing the TAK1-dependent activation of MAP kinase kinases that switch on JNK1/2 and p38γ MAP kinases. These observations and the transient activation of the TAB1-TAK1 heterodimer may explain why IL-1β-dependent IL-8 mRNA formation was abolished in TAB2/3 DKO cells.

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    © 2017 The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY).


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