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Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi

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Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi. / Rhee, Young Joon; Hillier, Stephen; Gadd, Geoffrey Michael (Lead / Corresponding author).

In: Current Biology, Vol. 22, No. 3, 07.02.2012, p. 237-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Rhee, YJ, Hillier, S & Gadd, GM 2012, 'Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi' Current Biology, vol 22, no. 3, pp. 237-241., 10.1016/j.cub.2011.12.017

APA

Rhee, Y. J., Hillier, S., & Gadd, G. M. (2012). Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi. Current Biology, 22(3), 237-241. 10.1016/j.cub.2011.12.017

Vancouver

Rhee YJ, Hillier S, Gadd GM. Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi. Current Biology. 2012 Feb 7;22(3):237-241. Available from: 10.1016/j.cub.2011.12.017

Author

Rhee, Young Joon; Hillier, Stephen; Gadd, Geoffrey Michael (Lead / Corresponding author) / Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 22, No. 3, 07.02.2012, p. 237-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{2644ab9d2dbc470ca26030f270c84156,
title = "Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi",
keywords = "FIRING RANGE SOILS, CONTAMINATED SOILS, PB IMMOBILIZATION, PHOSPHATE, MINERALS, ACID, BIOREMEDIATION, AMENDMENTS, POLLUTION, RELEVANCE",
author = "Rhee, {Young Joon} and Stephen Hillier and Gadd, {Geoffrey Michael}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.cub.2011.12.017",
volume = "22",
number = "3",
pages = "237--241",
journal = "Current Biology",
issn = "0960-9822",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lead Transformation to Pyromorphite by Fungi

A1 - Rhee,Young Joon

A1 - Hillier,Stephen

A1 - Gadd,Geoffrey Michael

AU - Rhee,Young Joon

AU - Hillier,Stephen

AU - Gadd,Geoffrey Michael

PY - 2012/2/7

Y1 - 2012/2/7

N2 - <p>Lead (Pb) is a serious environmental pollutant in all its chemical forms [1]. Attempts have been made to immobilize lead in soil as the mineral pyromorphite using phosphate amendments (e.g., rock phosphate, phosphoric acid, and apatite [2-5]), although our work has demonstrated that soil fungi are able to transform pyromorphite into lead oxalate [6, 7]. Lead metal, an important structural and industrial material, is subject to weathering, and soil contamination also occurs through hunting and shooting [8, 9]. Although fungi are increasingly appreciated as geologic agents [10-12], there is a distinct lack of knowledge about their involvement in lead geochemistry. We examined the influence of fungal activity on lead metal and discovered that metallic lead can be transformed into chloropyromorphite, the most stable lead mineral that exists. This is of geochemical significance, not only regarding lead fate and cycling in the environment but also in relation to the phosphate cycle and linked with microbial transformations of inorganic and organic phosphorus. This paper provides the first report of mycogenic chloropyromorphite formation from metallic lead and highlights the significance of this phenomenon as a biotic component of lead biogeochemistry, with additional consequences for microbial survival in lead-contaminated environments and bioremedial treatments for Pb-contaminated land.</p>

AB - <p>Lead (Pb) is a serious environmental pollutant in all its chemical forms [1]. Attempts have been made to immobilize lead in soil as the mineral pyromorphite using phosphate amendments (e.g., rock phosphate, phosphoric acid, and apatite [2-5]), although our work has demonstrated that soil fungi are able to transform pyromorphite into lead oxalate [6, 7]. Lead metal, an important structural and industrial material, is subject to weathering, and soil contamination also occurs through hunting and shooting [8, 9]. Although fungi are increasingly appreciated as geologic agents [10-12], there is a distinct lack of knowledge about their involvement in lead geochemistry. We examined the influence of fungal activity on lead metal and discovered that metallic lead can be transformed into chloropyromorphite, the most stable lead mineral that exists. This is of geochemical significance, not only regarding lead fate and cycling in the environment but also in relation to the phosphate cycle and linked with microbial transformations of inorganic and organic phosphorus. This paper provides the first report of mycogenic chloropyromorphite formation from metallic lead and highlights the significance of this phenomenon as a biotic component of lead biogeochemistry, with additional consequences for microbial survival in lead-contaminated environments and bioremedial treatments for Pb-contaminated land.</p>

KW - FIRING RANGE SOILS

KW - CONTAMINATED SOILS

KW - PB IMMOBILIZATION

KW - PHOSPHATE

KW - MINERALS

KW - ACID

KW - BIOREMEDIATION

KW - AMENDMENTS

KW - POLLUTION

KW - RELEVANCE

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857003817&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cub.2011.12.017

DO - 10.1016/j.cub.2011.12.017

M1 - Article

JO - Current Biology

JF - Current Biology

SN - 0960-9822

IS - 3

VL - 22

SP - 237

EP - 241

ER -

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