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Multi-level computational methods for interdisciplinary research in the HathiTrust Digital Library

Multi-level computational methods for interdisciplinary research in the HathiTrust Digital Library

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Authors

  • Jaimie Murdoch
  • Colin Allen (Lead / Corresponding author)
  • Katy Börner
  • Robert Light
  • Simon McAlister
  • Andrew Ravenscroft
  • Robert Rose
  • Doori Rose
  • Jun Otsuka
  • David Bourget
  • John Lawrence
  • Chris Reed

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Info

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0184188
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Sep 2017

Abstract

We show how faceted search using a combination of traditional classification systems and mixed-membership topic models can go beyond keyword search to inform resource discovery, hypothesis formulation, and argument extraction for interdisciplinary research. Our test domain is the history and philosophy of scientific work on animal mind and cognition. The methods can be generalized to other research areas and ultimately support a system for semi-automatic identification of argument structures. We provide a case study for the application of the methods to the problem of identifying and extracting arguments about anthropomorphism during a critical period in the development of comparative psychology. We show how a combination of classification systems and mixed-membership models trained over large digital libraries can inform resource discovery in this domain. Through a novel approach of “drill-down” topic modeling—simultaneously reducing both the size of the corpus and the unit of analysis—we are able to reduce a large collection of fulltext volumes to a much smaller set of pages within six focal volumes containing arguments of interest to historians and philosophers of comparative psychology. The volumes identified in this way did not appear among the first ten results of the keyword search in the HathiTrust digital library and the pages bear the kind of “close reading” needed to generate original interpretations that is the heart of scholarly work in the humanities. Zooming back out, we provide a way to place the books onto a map of science originally constructed from very different data and for different purposes. The multilevel approach advances understanding of the intellectual and societal contexts in which writings are interpreted.

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    © 2017 Murdock et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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