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Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap

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Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap. / Cowling, Victoria H.

In: Biochemical Society Transactions, Vol. 38, 12.2010, p. 1598-1601.

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific review

Harvard

Cowling, VH 2010, 'Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap' Biochemical Society Transactions, vol 38, pp. 1598-1601., 10.1042/BST0381598

APA

Cowling, V. H. (2010). Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap. Biochemical Society Transactions, 38, 1598-1601. 10.1042/BST0381598

Vancouver

Cowling VH. Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap. Biochemical Society Transactions. 2010 Dec;38:1598-1601. Available from: 10.1042/BST0381598

Author

Cowling, Victoria H. / Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap.

In: Biochemical Society Transactions, Vol. 38, 12.2010, p. 1598-1601.

Research output: Contribution to journalScientific review

Bibtex - Download

@article{8ccb395d7ef14d46a1ac207168e5ba34,
title = "Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap",
keywords = "cell proliferation, gene expression, 7 methylguanosine cap, mRNA translation, c Myc, transcription, C-MYC, RECRUITMENT",
author = "Cowling, {Victoria H.}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1042/BST0381598",
volume = "38",
pages = "1598--1601",
journal = "Biochemical Society Transactions",
issn = "0300-5127",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Myc up-regulates formation of the mRNA methyl cap

A1 - Cowling,Victoria H.

AU - Cowling,Victoria H.

PY - 2010/12

Y1 - 2010/12

N2 - <p>The Myc proteins c Myc and N Myc are essential for development and tissue homoeostasis They are up regulated by growth factors and transmit the signal for cell growth and proliferation Myc proteins are also prominent oncogenes in many human tumour types Myc proteins regulate the transcription of protein encoding mRNAs and the tRNAs and rRNA which mediate mRNA translation into protein Myc proteins also up regulate translation by increasing addition of the 7 methylguanosine cap (methyl cap) to the 5 end of pre mRNA Addition of the methyl cap increases the rate at which transcripts are translated by directing RNA modifications and translation initiation Myc induces methyl cap formation by promoting RNA polymerase II phosphorylation which recruits the capping enzymes to RNA and by up regulating the enzyme SAHH (5 adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase) which neutralizes the inhibitory by product of methylation reactions Myc induced cap methylation is a major effect of Myc function being necessary for activated protein synthesis cell proliferation and cell transformation Inhibition of cap methylation is synthetic lethal with elevated Myc protein expression which indicates the potential for cap methylation to be a therapeutic target</p>

AB - <p>The Myc proteins c Myc and N Myc are essential for development and tissue homoeostasis They are up regulated by growth factors and transmit the signal for cell growth and proliferation Myc proteins are also prominent oncogenes in many human tumour types Myc proteins regulate the transcription of protein encoding mRNAs and the tRNAs and rRNA which mediate mRNA translation into protein Myc proteins also up regulate translation by increasing addition of the 7 methylguanosine cap (methyl cap) to the 5 end of pre mRNA Addition of the methyl cap increases the rate at which transcripts are translated by directing RNA modifications and translation initiation Myc induces methyl cap formation by promoting RNA polymerase II phosphorylation which recruits the capping enzymes to RNA and by up regulating the enzyme SAHH (5 adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase) which neutralizes the inhibitory by product of methylation reactions Myc induced cap methylation is a major effect of Myc function being necessary for activated protein synthesis cell proliferation and cell transformation Inhibition of cap methylation is synthetic lethal with elevated Myc protein expression which indicates the potential for cap methylation to be a therapeutic target</p>

KW - cell proliferation

KW - gene expression

KW - 7 methylguanosine cap

KW - mRNA translation

KW - c Myc

KW - transcription

KW - C-MYC

KW - RECRUITMENT

UR - http://www.biochemsoctrans.org/bst/038/6/default.htm

U2 - 10.1042/BST0381598

DO - 10.1042/BST0381598

M1 - Scientific review

JO - Biochemical Society Transactions

JF - Biochemical Society Transactions

SN - 0300-5127

VL - 38

SP - 1598

EP - 1601

ER -

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