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Screening for GPCR Ligands Using Surface Plasmon Resonance

Screening for GPCR Ligands Using Surface Plasmon Resonance

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Authors

  • Iva Hopkins Navratilova (Lead / Corresponding author)
  • Jeremy Besnard
  • Andrew L. Hopkins

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Info

Original languageEnglish
Pages549-554
Number of pages6
JournalACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Journal publication dateJul 2011
Volume2
Issue7
DOIs
StatePublished

Abstract

G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are a class of drug targets of primary importance. However, receptor assays are based on measurement of either ligand displacement or downstream functional responses, rather than direct observation of ligand binding. Issues of allosteric modulation, probe dependence, and functional selectivity create challenges in selecting suitable assays formats. Therefore, a method that directly measures GPCR-ligand interactions, independent of binding site, probe, and signaling pathway would be a useful primary and orthogonal screening method. We have developed a GPCR biosensor assay protocol that offers the opportunity for high-throughput label-free screening that directly measures GPCR-ligand interactions. The biosensor-based direct screening method identifies the interaction of both orthosteric and allosteric ligands with solubilized, native GPCRs, in a label-free and cell-free environment, thus overcoming the limitations of indirect and displacement assay methods. We exemplify the method by the discovery of novel ligands for the chemokine receptor, CCR5, that are ligand efficient fragments.

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