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Stress induced gene expression

Stress induced gene expression : a direct role for MAPKAP kinases in transcriptional activation of immediate early genes

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  • N. Ronkina
  • M. B. Menon
  • J. Schwermann
  • J. S. C. Arthur
  • H. Legault
  • J. -B. Telliez
  • U. S. Kayyali
  • A. R. Nebreda
  • A. Kotlyarov
  • M. Gaestel

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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Journal publication dateApr 2011
Journal number7


Immediate early gene (IEG) expression is coordinated by multiple MAP kinase signaling pathways in a signal specific manner. Stress-activated p38 alpha MAP kinase is implicated in transcriptional regulation of IEGs via MSK-mediated CREB phosphorylation. The protein kinases downstream to p38, MAPKAP kinase (MK) 2 and MK3 have been identified to regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional levels of mRNA stability and translation. Here, we analyzed stress-induced IEG expression in MK2/3-deficient cells. Ablation of MKs causes a decrease of p38 alpha level and p38-dependent IEG expression. Unexpectedly, restoration of p38 alpha does not rescue the full-range IEG response. Instead, the catalytic activity of MKs is necessary for the major transcriptional activation of IEGs. By transcriptomics, we identified MK2-regulated genes and recognized the serum response element (SRE) as a common promoter element. We show that stress-induced phosphorylation of serum response factor (SRF) at serine residue 103 is significantly reduced and that induction of SRE-dependent reporter activity is impaired and can only be rescued by catalytically active MK2 in MK2/3-deficient cells. Hence, a new function of MKs in transcriptional activation of IEGs via the p38 alpha-MK2/3-SRF-axis is proposed which probably cooperates with MKs' role in posttranscriptional gene expression in inflammation and stress response.


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