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The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium

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The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium. / Chen, Zhi-Hui; Schaap, P. (Lead / Corresponding author).

In: Nature, Vol. 488, No. 7413, 05.08.2012, p. 680-683.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Chen, Z-H & Schaap, P 2012, 'The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium' Nature, vol 488, no. 7413, pp. 680-683.

APA

Chen, Z-H., & Schaap, P. (2012). The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium. Nature, 488(7413), 680-683doi: 10.1038/nature11313

Vancouver

Chen Z-H, Schaap P. The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium. Nature. 2012 Aug 5;488(7413): 680-683.

Author

Chen, Zhi-Hui; Schaap, P. (Lead / Corresponding author) / The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium.

In: Nature, Vol. 488, No. 7413, 05.08.2012, p. 680-683.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{3e6b2d09d4104133bf2851c117e839a4,
title = "The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium",
author = "Zhi-Hui Chen and P. Schaap",
year = "2012",
volume = "488",
number = "7413",
pages = "680--683",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The prokaryote messenger c-di-GMP triggers stalk cell differentiation in Dictyostelium

A1 - Chen,Zhi-Hui

A1 - Schaap,P.

AU - Chen,Zhi-Hui

AU - Schaap,P.

PY - 2012/8/5

Y1 - 2012/8/5

N2 - Cyclic di-(3':5')-guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is a major prokaryote signalling intermediate that is synthesized by diguanylate cyclases and triggers sessility and biofilm formation. We detected the first eukaryote diguanylate cyclases in all major groups of Dictyostelia. On food depletion, Dictyostelium discoideum amoebas collect into aggregates, which first transform into migrating slugs and then into sessile fruiting structures. These structures consist of a spherical spore mass that is supported by a column of stalk cells and a basal disk. A polyketide, DIF-1, which induces stalk-like cells in vitro, was isolated earlier. However, its role in vivo proved recently to be restricted to basal disk formation. Here we show that the Dictyostelium diguanylate cyclase, DgcA, produces c-di-GMP as the morphogen responsible for stalk cell differentiation. Dictyostelium discoideum DgcA synthesized c-di-GMP in a GTP-dependent manner and was expressed at the slug tip, which is the site of stalk cell differentiation. Disruption of the DgcA gene blocked the transition from slug migration to fructification and the expression of stalk genes. Fructification and stalk formation were restored by exposing DgcA-null slugs to wild-type secretion products or to c-di-GMP. Moreover, c-di-GMP, but not cyclic di-(3':5')-adenosine monophosphate, induced stalk gene expression in dilute cell monolayers. Apart from identifying the long-elusive stalk-inducing morphogen, our work also identifies a role for c-di-GMP in eukaryotes.

AB - Cyclic di-(3':5')-guanosine monophosphate (c-di-GMP) is a major prokaryote signalling intermediate that is synthesized by diguanylate cyclases and triggers sessility and biofilm formation. We detected the first eukaryote diguanylate cyclases in all major groups of Dictyostelia. On food depletion, Dictyostelium discoideum amoebas collect into aggregates, which first transform into migrating slugs and then into sessile fruiting structures. These structures consist of a spherical spore mass that is supported by a column of stalk cells and a basal disk. A polyketide, DIF-1, which induces stalk-like cells in vitro, was isolated earlier. However, its role in vivo proved recently to be restricted to basal disk formation. Here we show that the Dictyostelium diguanylate cyclase, DgcA, produces c-di-GMP as the morphogen responsible for stalk cell differentiation. Dictyostelium discoideum DgcA synthesized c-di-GMP in a GTP-dependent manner and was expressed at the slug tip, which is the site of stalk cell differentiation. Disruption of the DgcA gene blocked the transition from slug migration to fructification and the expression of stalk genes. Fructification and stalk formation were restored by exposing DgcA-null slugs to wild-type secretion products or to c-di-GMP. Moreover, c-di-GMP, but not cyclic di-(3':5')-adenosine monophosphate, induced stalk gene expression in dilute cell monolayers. Apart from identifying the long-elusive stalk-inducing morphogen, our work also identifies a role for c-di-GMP in eukaryotes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?partnerID=yv4JPVwI&eid=2-s2.0-84864425618&md5=5cac1ab5d629327df0698b1d46c01555

U2 - 10.1038/nature11313

DO - 10.1038/nature11313

M1 - Article

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7413

VL - 488

SP - 680

EP - 683

ER -

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