Promoting proficiency in facial approximation practice. Anatomical Society annual meeting, University of Nottingham.

Activity: Talk or presentation typesKeynote


Facial approximation refers to the process of estimating the face from a skull, using an alignment of artistry and scientific standards derived within the fields of anatomy, osteology, and biological anthropology. In a forensic context, facial approximation forms a relevant investigatory tool for stimulating unidentified cold cases when more objective methods of identification are not possible. In archaeology and palaeontology, it is used to bolster public interest and education in historical or ancient figures. Traditionally, facial approximation relied on the physical modelling of clay (or other modelling mastic) over the original skull or skull cast. The introduction of scanning technologies and computer systems has however revolutionised the practice. Advances in approaches to data collection and statistical standards has furthermore prompted major revisions in core face prediction protocols since the noughties. It is thus essential for existing and new generation practitioners to maintain an active awareness of current developments in the field of craniofacial identification and imaging, and select appropriate tools and guidelines based on sound scientific principle. This presentation offers approaches being made at the university of Dundee, to provide a robust educational model within this field; a model that aims to develop knowledge in craniofacial anatomy, human variation, statistics, recognition psychology, imaging modalities and visual communication, while enhancing creative skill and ability.
PeriodApr 2023
Held atAnatomical Society of GB and Northern Ireland, United Kingdom