Different people respond completely differently to different drugs
Dr Colin Henderson
Sir Alan Langlands, Dundee University's principal, said they were grateful to Cancer Research UK for its support.
"Awards on this scale are a clear endorsement of the calibre of the cancer research being carried out at the University of Dundee," he said.
"We are pleased that our researchers are able to contribute to the understanding, treatment and prevention of cancer."
Dr Colin Henderson, a cancer specialist at the university, told BBC Radio's Good Morning Scotland programme that the funds would help research into how everyday chemicals interact with the body.
He said: "If we can understand more about the defence systems that we have in our bodies, we can then try to understand how we can deliver anti-cancer treatments more effectively."
He added: "This is leading to the idea of personalised medicine, which is another central part of our research - the idea that different people respond completely differently to different drugs and if we can understand the basis for that we can tailor different drugs for different people."