Waller, Annalu


  • United Kingdom

  • 1155 Citations
  • 17 h-Index
1992 …2022
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Personal profile


Annalu Waller has worked in the field of Augmentative and Alternate Communication (AAC) since 1985, designing communication systems for and with nonspeaking individuals. She established the first AAC assessment and training centre in South Africa in 1987 before coming to Dundee in 1989. Her PhD developed narrative technology support for adults with acquired dysphasia following stroke. Her primary research areas are human computer interaction, natural language processing, personal narrative and assistive technology. In particular, she focuses on empowering end users, including disabled adults and children, by involving them in the design and use of technology. She manages a number of interdisciplinary research projects with industry and practitioners from rehabilitation engineering, special education, speech and language therapy, nursing and dentistry. She is on the editorial boards of several academic journals and sits on the boards of a number of national and international organisations representing disabled people. Annalu leads the AAC Research Group in the School of Computing which seeks to develop technology with and for people with limited or no speech.


Annalu has over 25 years of teaching experience during which she has taught introductory programming (Pascal, C, Java); Database Systems; Human Computer Interaction and aspects of Assistive Technology to a variety of undergraduate, postgraduate and professional students. Her teaching philosophy stems from a desire to enable students to reach their individual potential and to equip them as future leaders.

Education/Academic qualification

Doctor of Philosophy, University of Dundee

Master of Science, University of Cape Town

Bachelor of Science, University of Cape Town


  • QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

Fingerprint Fingerprint is based on mining the text of the person's scientific documents to create an index of weighted terms, which defines the key subjects of each individual researcher.

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Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2013 2022

Research Output 1992 2019

1 Citation (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Developing a Task Switching Training Game for Children With a Rare Genetic Syndrome Linked to Intellectual Disability

Robb, N., Waller, A. & Woodcock, K. A., 6 Mar 2019, In : Simulation and Gaming. 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Software design
Intellectual disability
Serious games
24 Downloads (Pure)

Telling Tales: Unlocking the Potential of AAC Technologies

Waller, A., Mar 2019, In : International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders. 54, 2, p. 159-169 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
alternative technology
communication technology
68 Downloads (Pure)

Blending Human and Artificial Intelligence to Support Autistic Children’s Social Communication Skills

Porayska-Pomsta, K., Alcorn, A., Avramides, K., Beale, S., Bernardini, S., Foster, M-E., Frauenberger, C., Good, J., Guldberg, K., Keay-Bright, W., Kossyvaki, L., Lemon, O., Mademtzi, M., Menzies, R., Pain, H., Rajendran, G., Waller, A., Wass, S. & Smith, T. J., Dec 2018, In : ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 25, 6, 35 p., 35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Artificial intelligence
Intelligent virtual agents

Developing a novel system to support language acquisition in children with CCN: An ethnographic study

Norrie, C., Waller, A. & Zhang, J., 21 Jul 2018, p. 269-270.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Open Access
Equipment and Supplies

Gathering egocentric video and other sensor data with AAC users to inform narrative prediction

Black, R., Rashid, Z. & Waller, A., 21 Jul 2018.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Open Access
Real time systems


Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapy

Annalu Waller (Recipient), 20 Sep 2017

Prize: Election to learned society


Annalu Waller (Recipient), 31 Jan 2016

Prize: National/international honour


Activities 2012 2018

Lee Ridley, aka Lost Voice Guy

Lee Ridley (Presenter), Rolf Black (Organiser), Annalu Waller (Contributor)
12 Apr 2018

Activity: Other activity typesPublic engagement and outreach - festival/exhibition

Assistive Technology - Exploring Potential

Annalu Waller (Consultant), Rolf Black (Consultant), Conor McKillop (Consultant)
28 May 2018

Activity: Consultancy typesConsultancy

Science Saturday at the National Museum Scotland - Communicating Differently

Rolf Black (Organiser), Annalu Waller (Contributor)
10 Feb 2018

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in workshop, seminar, course

AAC Technologies: Telling Tales

Annalu Waller (Speaker)
11 Apr 2018

Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk

Visit to CraigMillar Day Centre.

Annalu Waller (Consultant)
29 Jan 2018

Activity: Consultancy typesConsultancy

Press / Media

New app relieves patients’ fear of the dentist

Rolf Black, Annalu Waller, Rachel Menzies, Daniel Herron & Daniel Herron


1 item of media coverage

Press/Media: Research

Speech App Helps Disabled People to Communicate at the Dentist

Rolf Black, Annalu Waller, Rachel Menzies, Daniel Herron & Daniel Herron


3 items of media coverage

Press/Media: Research


Investigating sharing skills in children with autism spectrum conditions through participatory research

Author: Menzies, R., 2012

Supervisor: Waller, A. (Supervisor) & Pain, H. (External person) (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


My Diabetes My Way: an electronic personal health record for NHS Scotland

Author: Cunningham, S., 2014

Supervisor: Morris, A. (Supervisor) & Waller, A. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


Towards a phoneme-based predictive communication aid for nonspeaking individuals

Author: Trinh, H., 2013

Supervisor: Waller, A. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


Towards the full inclusion of people with severe speech and physical impairments in the design of Augmentative and Alternative Communication software

Author: Prior, S., 2011

Supervisor: Waller, A. (Supervisor) & Kroll, T. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy