• 7099 Citations
  • 44 h-Index
1980 …2023
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Personal profile

Research

Chronic obesity is currently at epidemic levels in the UK and many other countries worldwide and is having a major adverse impact on our society. It is estimated that more 25% of the adult population are obese and around two thirds are either overweight or obese.  Worryingly over the last 20 years there has been a ~3 fold increase in the number of children and adolescents who are obese or overweight. This trend is alarming, as chronic obesity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular and liver disease and some cancers. Most notably however, obesity is a primary driver for induction of peripheral insulin resistance, which when coupled with pancreatic beta cell functional insufficiency, leads to diabetes. Recent work also indicates that the risk of Alzheimer’s disease is higher in patients with diabetes and obesity. Therefore it is clear that our society is on a trajectory that will see significant increases in the proportion of individuals entering or in old age with severe chronic health issues. This places an enormous burden on the NHS and society generally, which is likely to worsen over the next 10-20 years if effective actions are not taken soon.

 

The aim of our work is to understand, at a molecular level, why and how these diseases are linked, in order to find new ways to prevent their long-term harmful consequences. We currently use a number of different systems to study the interactions between the hormones, leptin and insulin, and glucose and fat metabolism. Our current research projects are addressing: (i) how the enzyme beta secretase (BACE1) influences nutrient metabolism and leptin and insulin sensitivity; (ii) the role of the transcription factor, Nrf2, on glucose and lipid metabolism; (iii) how different cellular stresses influence cell metabolism and function; and (iv) how hypothalamic neurons and pancreatic beta cells sense changes in glucose levels.

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  • 7 Similar Profiles
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Insulinoma Medicine & Life Sciences
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Network Recent external collaboration on country level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots.

Projects 2012 2023

Research Output 1980 2018

5 Citations

Bace1-dependent amyloid processing regulates hypothalamic leptin sensitivity in obese mice

Meakin, P. J., Jalicy, S. M., Montagut, G., Allsop, D. J. P., Cavellini, D. L., Irvine, S. W., McGinley, C., Liddell, M. K., McNeilly, A. D., Parmionova, K., Liu, Y-R., Bailey, C. S. L., Dale, J. K., Heisler, L. K., McCrimmon, R. J. & Ashford, M. L. J., 8 Jan 2018, In : Scientific Reports. 8, 1, p. 55 16 p., 55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
Obese Mice
Leptin
Amyloid
Obesity
Homeostasis

Calcium Channel CaV2.3 Subunits Regulate Hepatic Glucose Production by Modulating Leptin-Induced Excitation of Arcuate Pro-opiomelanocortin Neurons

Smith, M. A., Katsouri, L., Virtue, S., Choudhury, A. I., Vidal-Puig, A., Ashford, M. L. J. & Withers, D. J., 9 Oct 2018, In : Cell Reports. 25, 2, p. 278-287.e4 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Calcium Channels
Leptin
Neurons
Glucose
12 Citations
Open Access
File
NF-E2-Related Factor 2
Fructose
Liver Cirrhosis
Fats
Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
60 Citations

Itaconate is an anti-inflammatory metabolite that activates Nrf2 via alkylation of KEAP1

Mills, E. L., Ryan, D. G., Prag, H. A., Dikovskaya, D., Menon, D., Zaslona, Z., Jedrychowski, M. P., Costa, A. S. H., Higgins, M., Hams, E., Szpyt, J., Runtsch, M. C., King, M. S., McGouran, J. F., Fischer, R., Kessler, B. M., McGettrick, A. F., Hughes, M. M., Carroll, R. G., Booty, L. M. & 15 othersKnatko, E. V., Meakin, P. J., Ashford, M. L. J., Modis, L. K., Brunori, G., Sévin, D. C., Fallon, P. G., Caldwell, S. T., Kunji, E. R. S., Chouchani, E. T., Frezza, C., Dinkova-Kostova, A. T., Hartley, R. C., Murphy, M. P. & O'Neill, L. A., 5 Apr 2018, In : Nature. 556, 7699, p. 113-117 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Open Access
File
Alkylation
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Interferon Type I
Cysteine
Lipopolysaccharides
7 Citations

Small vessels, dementia and chronic diseases: molecular mechanisms and pathophysiology

Horsburgh, K., Wardlaw, J. M., van Agtmael, T., Allan, S. M., Ashford, M. L. J., Bath, P. M., Brown, R., Berwick, J., Cader, M. Z., Carare, R. O., Davis, J. B., Duncombe, J., Farr, T. D., Fowler, J. H., Goense, J., Granata, A., Hall, C. N., Hainsworth, A. H., Harvey, A., Hawkes, C. A. & 26 othersJoutel, A., Kalaria, R. N., Kehoe, P. G., Lawrence, C. B., Lockhart, A., Love, S., Macleod, M. R., Macrae, I. M., Markus, H. S., McCabe, C., McColl, B. W., Meakin, P. J., Miller, A., Nedergaard, M., O'Sullivan, M., Quinn, T. J., Rajani, R., Saksida, L. M., Smith, C., Smith, K. J., Touyz, R. M., Trueman, R. C., Wang, T., Williams, A., Williams, S. C. R. & Work, L. M., 30 Apr 2018, In : Clinical Science. 132, 8, p. 851-868 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dementia
Chronic Disease
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Education
Cerebrovascular Disorders

Activities 2013 2013

  • 1 Participation in conference

Diabetes UK Professional Conference 2013

Michael L. J. Ashford (Participant)
13 Mar 201315 Mar 2013

Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in conference

Thesis

Investigation of BACE1 as a stress-induced regulator of neuronal metabolism

Author: Findlay, J. A., 2014

Supervisor: Ashford, M. (Supervisor) & Sutherland, C. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

File

Investigation of KATP channel function in response to metabolic and pharmacological manipulation, in the hypothalamic GT1-7 cell line

Author: Haythorne, E., 2014

Supervisor: Ashford, M. (Supervisor) & McCrimmon, R. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

File

Nrf2 in metabolic related inflammation in the brain

Author: Liddell, M. K., 2015

Supervisor: Ashford, M. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

File

Palmitoylation of the Cardiac Sodium-Calcium Exchanger

Author: Reilly, L., 2014

Supervisor: Fuller, W. (Supervisor) & Ashford, M. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

File

The hypothalamic role of BACE1 in energy homeostasis

Author: Jalicy, S. M., 2016

Supervisor: Ashford, M. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

File