Heffron, Raphael

Professor, Jean Monnet Professor in the Just Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

  • Chair of Global Energy Law and Sustainability, CEPMLP
  • 792 Citations
  • 12 h-Index
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Personal profile


Raphael Heffron is Professor for Global Energy Law & Sustainability at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee. His work is international and combines a mix of energy law, policy and economics – including interdisciplinary energy research, EU and US energy law and policy. He has published over 100 publications of different types. Professor Heffron’s research all has a principle focus on achieveing a just transition to a low-carbon economy. His research has been cited over 500 times in the last four years.


Raphael’s research has involved funding from UK national research councils (the ESRC, and the EPSRC), the EU (in a Horizon 2020 project) and currently through the European Commission Jean Monnet Chair 2016-2019. He has acted as a consultant for the World Bank and various policy organisations in the EU. Raphael is on the Editorial Board of the International Energy Law Review and is also Consulting Editor of the Halsbury’s Laws of England volumes on Energy Law.


Raphael is currently the Co-Chair of the UK Energy Law and Policy Association; Visiting Professor in Energy Law at the International Hellenic University (Greece); and an Associate Researcher at the Energy Policy Research Group at the University of Cambridge. He is currently a Visiting Professor at Paris-Dauphine University (Paris, France) this year (2018).


Raphael read for his PhD at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge. He is also a trained Barrister-at-Law and was called to the Bar in July 2007 in the Republic of Ireland. He holds degrees from the University of Cambridge (MPhil, PhD), the University of St. Andrews (MLitt), and Trinity College Dublin (BA, MA).


Formerly, Raphael was formerly the Jean Monnet Professor (awarded by the European Commission) in Energy and Natural Resources Law & Policy at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies at Queen Mary University of London. Raphael held permanent lectureships at the Queen Mary University of London (Senior), University of Leeds and the University of Stirling (Scotland) where he was also the Programme Director for the LLM in International Energy Law and Policy. In the past he has held visiting positions at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA (Visiting Student), The University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA (Visiting Scholar), and the British Institute for International and Comparative Law (Visiting Research Fellow). At the University of Cambridge, Raphael was a Teaching Fellow at the Faculty of Economics and also a Research Assistant at the Department of Engineering.

Research interests

Research Positions:

Co-Chair                   UK Energy Law and Policy Association

Scientific Committee           European Federation of Energy Law Associations.

Policy Fellow             Policy Fellows Network, Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge, UK

Associate Researcher           Energy Policy Research Group, University of Cambridge, UK

Associate Fellow       Centre for Integrated Energy Research, University of Leeds, UK

Visiting Professor     Energy Law, International Hellenic University (Thessaloniki,Greece)

Visiting Professor     Energy Law,Université Paris-Dauphine(Paris, France – April 2018)

Guest Lecturer          ESCP Business School, London & Paris (2015-18)


Presentations (Selected)

Invited Talks

Apr 2017         ESCP MBA Energy Management Masters (ESCP Business School)

                        Paris, France

Apr 2018         Keynote Speaker: Expert workshop at the Qatar Foundation and the Hamad Bin Khalifa University (HBKU).

Mar 2018         Keynote Speaker: Renewable Energy Futures – European Student Law Association Energy Law Conference (2 day conference).

Jan 2018          Keynote Speaker: Climate Justice – Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Taragona, Catalan, Spain (2 day Conference)

Nov 2017        Masters in Sustainable Development (Guest Lecturer)

Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St. Andrews.

Sep 2017          ESCP MBA Executive Masters (ESCP Business School – London/Paris).

                        London, UK

July 2017         Keynote Speaker: Energy Justice & Africa – University of Essex, UK (2 day Conference)

June 2017        Invited Speaker: Energy Justice - OFGEM, London, UK

May 2017        Invited Speaker: Energy & Brexit – EDF (Headoffice), UK

May 2017        Invited Speaker: Nuclear & Brexit - Open, Birminigham & Buckingham Universities

May 2017        Invited Speaker: Dundee 40th Year Energy Law Celebration, Unviersity of Dundee

Apr 2017         Invited Speaker (Guest Lecturer): Energy Justice, Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Taragona, Catalan, Spain

Apr 2017         Invited Speaker: Energy & Brexit, Public Environmental Lawyers Association, London, UK

Mar 2017         Invited Speaker: Workshop on International Energy Law, Liverpool Hope University, UK

Feb 2017          ESCP MBA Executive Masters (ESCP Business School – London/Paris).

                        London, UK

Jan 2017          Invited Speaker: UK Carbon Capture Storage Research Centre, London, UK

Nov 2016        Invited Speaker: Italian Energy Law Association Annual Conference, Milan, Italy

Oct 2016         Invited Speaker: Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance. University of Cambridge, UK


Selection of Other Talks & Presentations

Apr 2018         16th Annual Conference for Environmental Professionals: Law and the Environment. Faculty of Law, University College Cork, Ireland.

June 2017        International Energy Justice Retreat:

University of St. Andrews, UK

Apr 2017         EU CCS Stakeholder Meeting

TNO – ROAD, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Apr 2017         15th Annual Conference for Environmental Professionals: Law and the Environment 2013

Faculty of Law, University College Cork: April 27th

Apr 2017         Royal Society of Edinburgh Conference: ‘Arts and Humanities on Climate chagne’

University of Stirling, Scotland, UK

Apr 2017         Energy Research and Social Science 2017 Conference, Elsevier – Sitges, Spain http://www.erssconference.com/

Mar 2017         Energy Transitions Conference 2017

University of Eastern Finland, Finland


International Energy Law and Policy (inc. Mining Law, Energy Economics, Low-Carbon Energy Law, US Energy Law, Energy Ethics, and Decommissioning & Project Finance); Sustainability; Environmental & Climate Change Policy & Law; Land Law; Tort; and General Commerical Law.

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Projects 2018 2019

Research Output 2010 2019

11 Citations (Scopus)

Energy justice in the transition to low carbon energy systems: Exploring key themes in interdisciplinary research

McCauley, D., Ramasar, V., Heffron, R. J., Sovacool, B. K., Mebratu, D. & Mundaca, L., 1 Jan 2019, In : Applied Energy. 233-234, p. 916-921 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Decision making
Natural sciences
1 Citation (Scopus)

Response to “Monyei, Jenkins, Serestina and Adewumi examining energy sufficiency and energy mobility in the global south through the energy justice framework”

Todd, I., De Groot, J., Mose, T., McCauley, D. & Heffron, R. J., Sep 2019, In : Energy Policy. 132, p. 44-46 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Energy policy
energy policy
Climate change
climate change
36 Citations (Scopus)
168 Downloads (Pure)

A treatise for energy law

Heffron, R., Rønne, A., Tomain, J. P., Bradbrook, A. & Talus, K., 8 Mar 2018, In : Journal of World Energy Law & Business. 11, 1, p. 34-48 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
paradigm shift
2 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Balancing the energy trilemma through the Energy Justice Metric

Heffron, R. J., McCauley, D. & de Rubens, G. Z., 1 Nov 2018, In : Applied Energy. 229, p. 1191-1201 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Life cycle
Decision making
3 Citations (Scopus)

Energy justice and policy change: An historical political analysis of the German nuclear phase-out

McCauley, D., Brown, A., Rehner, R., Heffron, R. & van de Graaff, S., 15 Oct 2018, In : Applied Energy. 228, p. 317-323 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nuclear energy
policy analysis


Devising a Legal Framework for Environmental Liability and Regulation for Mitigating Risks of Shale Gas Extraction

Author: Irowarisima, M., 2019

Supervisor: Röben, V. (Supervisor) & Heffron, R. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy