A comparative study of turbulence models in a transient channel flow

S. Gorji, M. Seddighi, C. Ariyaratne, A. E. Vardy, T. O'Donoghue, D. Pokrajac, S. He (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

The performance of a number of low-Reynolds number turbulence models is evaluated against direct numerical simulations (DNS). All models are applied to an unsteady flow comprising a ramp-type excursion of flow rate inside a closed channel. The flow rate is increased linearly with time from an initial Reynolds number of 9308 (based on hydraulic diameter and bulk velocity) to a final Reynolds number of 29,650. The acceleration rate is varied to cover low, intermediate and high accelerations. It is shown that among the models investigated, the k-ε models of Launder and Sharma (1974) and Chang et al. (1995) [28] and the γ-Reθ transition model of Langtry and Menter (2009) [38] capture well the key flow features of these unsteady turbulent flows. For the cases of low and intermediate acceleration rates, these three models yield predictions of wall shear stress that agree well with the corresponding DNS data. For the case of high acceleration, the γ-Reθ model of Langtry and Menter (2009) [38] and the k-ε model of Launder and Sharma (1974) yield reasonable predictions of wall shear stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-123
Number of pages13
JournalComputers & Fluids
Volume89
Early online date1 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Acceleration
  • Channel flow
  • Turbulence models
  • Turbulent flow
  • Unsteady
  • Wall shear stress

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    Gorji, S., Seddighi, M., Ariyaratne, C., Vardy, A. E., O'Donoghue, T., Pokrajac, D., & He, S. (2014). A comparative study of turbulence models in a transient channel flow. Computers & Fluids, 89, 111-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compfluid.2013.10.037