A Comparison of Enhancement Techniques for Footwear Impressions on Dark and Patterned Fabrics

Kevin J. Farrugia, Helen Bandey, Lorna Dawson, Niamh Nic Daéid (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of chemical enhancement techniques on porous substrates, such as fabrics, poses several challenges predominantly due to the occurrence of background staining and diffusion as well as visualization difficulties. A range of readily available chemical and lighting techniques were utilized to enhance footwear impressions made in blood, soil, and urine on dark and patterned fabrics. Footwear impressions were all prepared at a set force using a specifically built footwear rig. In most cases, results demonstrated that fluorescent chemical techniques were required for visualization as nonfluorescent techniques provided little or no contrast with the background. Occasionally, this contrast was improved by oblique lighting. Successful results were obtained for the enhancement of footwear impressions in blood; however, the enhancement of footwear impressions in urine and soil on dark and patterned fabrics was much more limited. The results demonstrate that visualization and fluorescent enhancement on porous substrates such as fabrics is possible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1472-1485
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Forensic science
  • footwear impression
  • shoeprint
  • Enhancement
  • fabric
  • Blood
  • Urine
  • SOIL

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