A comparison of haemostatic biomarkers during low-risk patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass using either conventional centrifugal cell salvage or the HemoSep device

Gethin Boyle, Agnieszka Kuffel, Kiran Parmar, Kirsty Gibson, Megan Smith, Aidan Grehan, Beverley J . Hunt, David J. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a coagulopathy due to haemodilution, thrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunction and the activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis, despite the use of large doses of unfractionated heparin. Conventional red cell salvage may exacerbate post-operative bleeding as plasma containing haemostatic factors is discarded. We hypothesized that a novel cell salvage device (HemoSep) may attenuate haemostatic changes associated with red cell salvage. We studied haemostatic markers following autologous transfusion from conventional cell salvage or the HemoSep device.
Methods: This randomised, controlled trial compared haemostatic markers in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or aortic valve replacement who received autologous blood returned from cell salvage (control) or HemoSep (study). Blood samples were taken pre-operatively, end of CPB, post-transfusion of salvaged blood and 3 hours post-operatively and analysed for full blood count (FBC), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, D-dimer and endogenous thrombin potential (ETP).
Results: Fifty-four patients were recruited (n=28 control, n=26 study). Processed blood volume for transfusion was significantly (p<0.001) higher in the HemoSep group. In the HemoSep group, the PT was shorter (18.7±0.3 vs 19.9±0.3 sec; p<0.05) post-operatively and the aPTT was longer (48.6±3.8 vs 37.3±1.0 sec; p<0.01) following autologous transfusion. In the control group, D-dimer and ETP levels were higher (1903±424 vs.1088±151; p<0.05 and 739±46 vs. 394±60; p<0.001, respectively) following autologous transfusion.
Conclusions: Although centrifuged cell salvage is known to adequately haemoconcentrate and remove unwanted substrates and bacteriological contamination, the process can exacerbate coagulopathy. The HemoSep device demonstrated some increase in haemostatic markers when used in low-risk cardiac surgery patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-83
Number of pages8
JournalPerfusion
Volume34
Issue number1
Early online date1 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Keywords

  • autologous
  • blood
  • blood transfusion
  • bypass
  • cardiac surgery
  • cardiopulmonary
  • coagulation
  • platelets
  • thrombin

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