A comparison of the endurance shuttle walk test and the six minute walk test for assessment of exercise capacity in older people

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background and aims: The six minute walk test is widely used to measure aerobic exercise capacity in older people, but lack responsiveness to change. We aimed to compare the reliability, responsiveness and completion rates of the six minute walk with a new test of aerobic exercise capacity - the endurance shuttle walk test. Methods: Two groups were studied: 18 patients from a Medicine for the Elderly Day Hospital (study 1) receiving physiotherapy, and 15 community dwelling older people (study 2) receiving caffeine or placebo in a crossover study, followed by a weekly exercise programme. Six minute walk test and endurance shuttle walk test were performed at baseline and after interventions. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated for reliability, and Cohen's effect sizes were calculated to characterize responsiveness. Results: 6/18 of patients in study 1 completed the baseline shuttle walk successfully. For those completing baseline and week one shuttle walk, similar intraclass correlation coefficients were seen (shuttle walk 0.97; six minute walk 0.90). In study 2, all attendees completed baseline and follow-up shuttle walk. 7/15 managed the maximum shuttle walk time at baseline. Effect sizes for caffeine intervention (0.29 for six minute walk, 0.01 for shuttle walk) and for exercise intervention (0.15 for six minute walk, 0.24 for shuttle walk) were similarly low for both tests. Conclusion: The endurance shuttle walk is no more responsive to change than the six minute walk in older people, is limited by ceiling effects, and cannot be performed successfully by very frail older people.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)176-180
    Number of pages5
    JournalAging Clinical and Experimental Research
    Volume24
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Exercise
    Caffeine
    Independent Living
    Cross-Over Studies
    Placebos
    Medicine
    Walk Test

    Cite this

    @article{ab0045d7c79f44caacf984aa934c8945,
    title = "A comparison of the endurance shuttle walk test and the six minute walk test for assessment of exercise capacity in older people",
    abstract = "Background and aims: The six minute walk test is widely used to measure aerobic exercise capacity in older people, but lack responsiveness to change. We aimed to compare the reliability, responsiveness and completion rates of the six minute walk with a new test of aerobic exercise capacity - the endurance shuttle walk test. Methods: Two groups were studied: 18 patients from a Medicine for the Elderly Day Hospital (study 1) receiving physiotherapy, and 15 community dwelling older people (study 2) receiving caffeine or placebo in a crossover study, followed by a weekly exercise programme. Six minute walk test and endurance shuttle walk test were performed at baseline and after interventions. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated for reliability, and Cohen's effect sizes were calculated to characterize responsiveness. Results: 6/18 of patients in study 1 completed the baseline shuttle walk successfully. For those completing baseline and week one shuttle walk, similar intraclass correlation coefficients were seen (shuttle walk 0.97; six minute walk 0.90). In study 2, all attendees completed baseline and follow-up shuttle walk. 7/15 managed the maximum shuttle walk time at baseline. Effect sizes for caffeine intervention (0.29 for six minute walk, 0.01 for shuttle walk) and for exercise intervention (0.15 for six minute walk, 0.24 for shuttle walk) were similarly low for both tests. Conclusion: The endurance shuttle walk is no more responsive to change than the six minute walk in older people, is limited by ceiling effects, and cannot be performed successfully by very frail older people.",
    author = "Witham, {Miles D.} and Sugden, {Jacqui A.} and Deepa Sumukadas and Moira Dryburgh and McMurdo, {Marion E. T.}",
    note = "Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
    year = "2012",
    doi = "10.3275/7928",
    language = "English",
    volume = "24",
    pages = "176--180",
    journal = "Aging Clinical and Experimental Research",
    issn = "1594-0667",
    publisher = "Editrice Kurtis",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A comparison of the endurance shuttle walk test and the six minute walk test for assessment of exercise capacity in older people

    AU - Witham, Miles D.

    AU - Sugden, Jacqui A.

    AU - Sumukadas, Deepa

    AU - Dryburgh, Moira

    AU - McMurdo, Marion E. T.

    N1 - Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Background and aims: The six minute walk test is widely used to measure aerobic exercise capacity in older people, but lack responsiveness to change. We aimed to compare the reliability, responsiveness and completion rates of the six minute walk with a new test of aerobic exercise capacity - the endurance shuttle walk test. Methods: Two groups were studied: 18 patients from a Medicine for the Elderly Day Hospital (study 1) receiving physiotherapy, and 15 community dwelling older people (study 2) receiving caffeine or placebo in a crossover study, followed by a weekly exercise programme. Six minute walk test and endurance shuttle walk test were performed at baseline and after interventions. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated for reliability, and Cohen's effect sizes were calculated to characterize responsiveness. Results: 6/18 of patients in study 1 completed the baseline shuttle walk successfully. For those completing baseline and week one shuttle walk, similar intraclass correlation coefficients were seen (shuttle walk 0.97; six minute walk 0.90). In study 2, all attendees completed baseline and follow-up shuttle walk. 7/15 managed the maximum shuttle walk time at baseline. Effect sizes for caffeine intervention (0.29 for six minute walk, 0.01 for shuttle walk) and for exercise intervention (0.15 for six minute walk, 0.24 for shuttle walk) were similarly low for both tests. Conclusion: The endurance shuttle walk is no more responsive to change than the six minute walk in older people, is limited by ceiling effects, and cannot be performed successfully by very frail older people.

    AB - Background and aims: The six minute walk test is widely used to measure aerobic exercise capacity in older people, but lack responsiveness to change. We aimed to compare the reliability, responsiveness and completion rates of the six minute walk with a new test of aerobic exercise capacity - the endurance shuttle walk test. Methods: Two groups were studied: 18 patients from a Medicine for the Elderly Day Hospital (study 1) receiving physiotherapy, and 15 community dwelling older people (study 2) receiving caffeine or placebo in a crossover study, followed by a weekly exercise programme. Six minute walk test and endurance shuttle walk test were performed at baseline and after interventions. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated for reliability, and Cohen's effect sizes were calculated to characterize responsiveness. Results: 6/18 of patients in study 1 completed the baseline shuttle walk successfully. For those completing baseline and week one shuttle walk, similar intraclass correlation coefficients were seen (shuttle walk 0.97; six minute walk 0.90). In study 2, all attendees completed baseline and follow-up shuttle walk. 7/15 managed the maximum shuttle walk time at baseline. Effect sizes for caffeine intervention (0.29 for six minute walk, 0.01 for shuttle walk) and for exercise intervention (0.15 for six minute walk, 0.24 for shuttle walk) were similarly low for both tests. Conclusion: The endurance shuttle walk is no more responsive to change than the six minute walk in older people, is limited by ceiling effects, and cannot be performed successfully by very frail older people.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84864509609&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.3275/7928

    DO - 10.3275/7928

    M3 - Article

    VL - 24

    SP - 176

    EP - 180

    JO - Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

    JF - Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

    SN - 1594-0667

    IS - 2

    ER -