A consensus on the use of daylight photodynamic therapy in the UK

Sally Ibbotson (Lead / Corresponding author), Robin Stones, Jonathan Bowling, Sandra Campbell, Stephen Kownack, Muthu Sivaramakrishnan, Ronan Valentine, Colin A. Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
388 Downloads (Pure)


Background: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are a consequence of chronic exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Treatment of chronically photo-damaged skin and AKs is driven by risk of progression to squamous cell carcinoma, as well as for symptomatic relief. Conventional photodynamic therapy (c-PDT) is indicated when AKs are multiple or confluent and if patients respond poorly or are unable to tolerate other therapies. c-PDT is limited by the field size that can be treated in single sessions and can cause significant discomfort.

Objective: Recent studies investigated daylight illumination to activate protoporphyrin IX and daylight-PDT (d-PDT) is now licensed in the UK for face and scalp AKs. A group of experts met to discuss application of d-PDT with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) and develop a UK consensus statement, specific to UK weather conditions.

Methods: The UK consensus recommendations were reached among eight experts, who reviewed recent studies on d-PDT, assessed UK meteorological data and discussed personal experiences of d-PDT for AKs.

Results: Recommendations from these discussions provide guidance on d-PDT use, specifically regarding patient selection, therapeutic indications, when to treat, skin preparation, MAL application and daylight exposure for patients with AKs.

Conclusions: This UK expert consensus provides practical guidance for UK application of d-PDT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-367
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dermatological Treatment
Issue number4
Early online date22 Sept 2016
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Actinic keratosis
  • Daylight
  • Methyl aminolevulinate
  • Photodynamic therapy


Dive into the research topics of 'A consensus on the use of daylight photodynamic therapy in the UK'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this