A conserved motif in the C-terminal tail of DNA polymerase α tethers primase to the eukaryotic replisome

Mairi L. Kilkenny, Giacomo De Piccoli, Rajika L. Perera, Karim Labib, Luca Pellegrini

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The DNA polymerase a-primase complex forms an essential part of the eukaryotic replisome. The catalytic subunits of primase and pol a synthesize composite RNA-DNA primers that initiate the leading and lagging DNA strands at replication forks. The physical basis and physiological significance of tethering primase to the eukaryotic replisome via pol a remain poorly characterized. We have identified a short conserved motif at the extreme C terminus of pola that is critical for interaction of the yeast ortholog pol1 with primase. We show that truncation of the C-terminal residues 1452-1468 of Pol1 abrogates the interaction with the primase, as does mutation to alanine of the invariant amino acid Phe. Conversely, a pol1 peptide spanning the last 16 residues binds primase with high affinity, and the equivalent peptide from human Pol a binds primase in an analogous fashion. These in vitro data are mirrored by experiments in yeast cells, as primase does not interact in cell extracts with pol1 that either terminates at residue 1452 or has the F1463A mutation. The ability to disrupt the association between primase and pol a allowed us to assess the physiological significance of primase being tethered to the eukaryotic replisome in this way.Wefind that the F1463A mutation in Pol1 renders yeast cells dependent on the S phase checkpoint, whereas truncation of Pol1 at amino acid 1452 blocks yeast cell proliferation. These findings indicate that tethering of primase to the replisome by pola is critical for the normal action of DNA replication forks in eukaryotic cells.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)23740-23747
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume287
    Issue number28
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2012

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