A Decomposition of Student Achievement Gap by Gender in China: Evidence from Random Class Assignment

Rundong Luo, Kuan Tenga, Lei Xu (Lead / Corresponding author), Yu Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using random class assignment in the China Education Panel Survey, we study the gender achievement gap of lower secondary students in China. Girls outperform boys in Chinese and English by around 0.5 SD, holding all factors including hukou status, cognitive ability and schools attended constant. The Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition reveals that most of the gender gap cannot be explained by observables regardless of the subjects and this is contrary to cognitive scores. Quantile decomposition results indicate that the unexplained “girl premium” is largely monotonically decreasing in the conditional quantiles of the exam score distribution for all subjects, being particularly large at the lower tails, but vanishes altogether at the top decile in Math.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101721
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Research
Volume106
Issue number2021
Early online date24 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Blind-Oaxaca decomposition
  • Gender education gap
  • Hukou
  • Quantile decomposition

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