A double-blind randomised controlled trial of paracetamol, diclofenac or the combination for pain relief after caesarean section

B. Munishankar, P. Fettes, C. Moore, G. A. McLeod (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    57 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Few studies have investigated efficacy and side effects of the combination of diclofenac and paracetamol used for pain relief after major surgery. Methods: After ethical approval, 78 patients, presenting for elective caesarean section, were recruited to this double-blind trial and randomised to receive one of three analgesic modalities: paracetamol, diclofenac, or diclofenac and paracetamol. Anaesthesia was standardised with 2.25-2.5 mL of spinal bupivacaine 5 mg/mL in dextrose 80 mg/mL and fentanyl 12.5 µg. Study drugs were given as a suppository at the end of surgery then orally for 24 h. The primary outcome was i.v. morphine use when administered as patient-controlled analgesia for the first 24 h after surgery. Secondary outcomes were visual analogue pain scores measured 2, 4, 6, 10 and 24 h after surgery and verbal rating pain scores and side effects measured 2-hourly for the first 12 h and 4-hourly thereafter. Results: Patients given the combination of diclofenac and paracetamol required less morphine than did patients given paracetamol alone (mean ± SD: 33.8 ± 23.9 mg versus 54.5 ± 28.5 mg, P = 0.02). Morphine use in patients given diclofenac alone (42.2 ± 26.0 mg) was not significantly different from morphine use in the other two groups. Eight out of 26 patients receiving paracetamol alone were not satisfied with pain management; two required intravenous morphine injections. Conclusions: Patients given a combination of diclofenac and paracetamol used 38% less morphine compared to patients given paracetamol. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9-14
    Number of pages6
    JournalInternational Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
    Volume17
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

    Keywords

    • Acetaminophen
    • Adult
    • Analgesia, Epidural
    • Analgesia, Obstetrical
    • Analgesia, Patient-controlled
    • Analgesics, Non-narcotic
    • Analgesics, Opioid
    • Analysis of variance
    • Anti-Inflammatory agents, Non-Steroidal
    • Cesarean section
    • Diclofenac
    • Double-blind method
    • Drug therapy, Combination
    • Female
    • Humans
    • Pain, Postoperative

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