A feed-forward pathway drives LRRK2 kinase membrane recruitment and activation

Edmundo G. Vides, Ayan Adhikari, Claire Y. Chiang, Pawel Lis, Elena Purlyte, Charles Limouse, Justin L. Shumate, Elena Spínola-Lasso, Herschel S. Dhekne, Dario R. Alessi, Suzanne R. Pfeffer

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Abstract

Activating mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) cause Parkinson's disease, and previously we showed that activated LRRK2 phosphorylates a subset of Rab GTPases (Steger et al., 2017). Moreover, Golgi-associated Rab29 can recruit LRRK2 to the surface of the Golgi and activate it there for both auto- and Rab substrate phosphorylation. Here, we define the precise Rab29 binding region of the LRRK2 Armadillo domain between residues 360-450 and show that this domain, termed 'site #1,' can also bind additional LRRK2 substrates, Rab8A and Rab10. Moreover, we identify a distinct, N-terminal, higher-affinity interaction interface between LRRK2 phosphorylated Rab8 and Rab10 termed 'site #2' that can retain LRRK2 on membranes in cells to catalyze multiple, subsequent phosphorylation events. Kinase inhibitor washout experiments demonstrate that rapid recovery of kinase activity in cells depends on the ability of LRRK2 to associate with phosphorylated Rab proteins, and phosphorylated Rab8A stimulates LRRK2 phosphorylation of Rab10 in vitro. Reconstitution of purified LRRK2 recruitment onto planar lipid bilayers decorated with Rab10 protein demonstrates cooperative association of only active LRRK2 with phospho-Rab10-containing membrane surfaces. These experiments reveal a feed-forward pathway that provides spatial control and membrane activation of LRRK2 kinase activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere79771
Number of pages29
JournaleLife
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Leucine/metabolism
  • Leucine-Rich Repeat Serine-Threonine Protein Kinase-2/genetics
  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Phosphorylation
  • rab GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism

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