A flume test on erosion mechanism for an abandoned section of the Huanghe (Yellow) River Delta

Tao Gao, Guangxue Li, Jinghao Shi, Ping Dong, Jie Liu

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    Abstract

    The erosion mechanisms of abandoned coastal section are understood detailedly by flume experiment, which play an important role to the offshore engineering facilities. A movable-bed physical model has been used to investigate the coastal erosion of an abandoned section of the Huanghe (Yellow) River Delta. The theory of physical scale models is discussed and a method for constructing the representative seabed section is developed. The results indicate that during the period initially after the abandonment of the delta the entire bed experienced rapid erosion because the seabed was steep and prone to liquefaction that resulted from storm wave action. After this initial period, a balance of erosion and accretion was established, and the beach profile equilibrated with a point of balance present on the profile. The experimental results indicate that the volume of deposition was about half that of the erosion. Wave action may also induce significant stratal changes through its interaction with the soft seabed. The major morphological features developed in the model delta section were found to be qualitatively comparable with those observed in the prototype. A distorted modeling law that maintains the similarity of the modeled and prototype equilibrium beach profiles is proposed. Experimental results show that the distorted modeling is able to reproduce the beach-face slope in nature, and the model also successfully reproduced three historical evolutionary stages of erosion.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)684-692
    Number of pages9
    JournalChinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology
    Volume28
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2010

    Keywords

    • abandoned
    • Huanghe (Yellow) River Delta
    • flume simulation
    • wave
    • pore pressure
    • erosion
    • SUBAQUEOUS DELTA
    • COASTAL EROSION
    • SEDIMENTATION

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