A Good Death? Report of the Second Newcastle Meeting on Laboratory Animal Euthanasia

Penny Hawkins, Mark J. Prescott (Lead / Corresponding author), Larry Carbone, Ngaire Dennison, Craig Johnson, I. Joanna Makowska, Nicole Marquardt, Gareth Readman, Daniel M. Weary, Huw D. R. Golledge

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    65 Citations (Scopus)
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    Millions of laboratory animals are killed each year worldwide. There is an ethical, and in many countries also a legal, imperative to ensure those deaths cause minimal suffering. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding what methods of killing are humane for many species and stages of development. In 2013, an international group of researchers and stakeholders met at Newcastle University, United Kingdom to discuss the latest research and which methods could currently be considered most humane for the most commonly used laboratory species (mice, rats and zebrafish). They also discussed factors to consider when making decisions about appropriate techniques for particular species and projects, and priorities for further research. This report summarises the research findings and discussions, with recommendations to help inform good practice for humane killing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number50
    Number of pages28
    Issue number9
    Early online date23 Aug 2016
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


    • Congresses
    • Animal welfare
    • Carbon dioxide
    • Euthanasia
    • Humane killing
    • Mouse
    • Rat
    • Refinement
    • 3Rs
    • Zebrafish


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