A Land of Opportunity?

The Assimilation of Scottish Migrants in England, 1603-c.1762

Keith M. Brown, Allan Kennedy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    30 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Immigration and its consequences is one of the most contentious issues in the contemporary world, and historians are engaged in this debate by offering a longer-term perspective. In recent years, research on the United Kingdom's population has placed greater emphasis on population movement in shaping Britain's story, identifying waves of migrants from elsewhere alongside migration within Britain. One neglected aspect of this narrative, however, is the migration of Scots to England, particularly in the age of the regal and parliamentary union, when the changing political relationship between the two kingdoms had an impact on the scale, geographic spread, and opportunities and obstacles of that migration. While a minority of Scottish migrants were unwelcome, or chose to return home, the overwhelming weight of evidence is for those migrants who remained in England. The focus in this article is on that majority group for whom migration was a positive experience, thus raising questions about why these Scots were so successful and why they faced so little native opposition. That process of segmented assimilation offers an insight into the formation of Britain and the shifting ground of national identity associated with the emerging British state. The Scots, moreover, provide a model for “successful” migration, suggesting that a range of factors—principally, an educated, culturally malleable, and economically responsive migrant population, alongside an institutionally and attitudinally flexible host community—need to be in place in order to optimize the chances of migrant assimilation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)709-735
    Number of pages27
    JournalJournal of British Studies
    Volume57
    Issue number4
    Early online date8 Nov 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Nov 2018

    Fingerprint

    assimilation
    migrant
    migration
    population development
    national identity
    historian
    immigration
    opposition
    Migrants
    England
    minority
    narrative
    evidence
    experience
    Group

    Cite this

    @article{3d3d9b96855146f3bb8c74b607c502cc,
    title = "A Land of Opportunity?: The Assimilation of Scottish Migrants in England, 1603-c.1762",
    abstract = "Immigration and its consequences is one of the most contentious issues in the contemporary world, and historians are engaged in this debate by offering a longer-term perspective. In recent years, research on the United Kingdom's population has placed greater emphasis on population movement in shaping Britain's story, identifying waves of migrants from elsewhere alongside migration within Britain. One neglected aspect of this narrative, however, is the migration of Scots to England, particularly in the age of the regal and parliamentary union, when the changing political relationship between the two kingdoms had an impact on the scale, geographic spread, and opportunities and obstacles of that migration. While a minority of Scottish migrants were unwelcome, or chose to return home, the overwhelming weight of evidence is for those migrants who remained in England. The focus in this article is on that majority group for whom migration was a positive experience, thus raising questions about why these Scots were so successful and why they faced so little native opposition. That process of segmented assimilation offers an insight into the formation of Britain and the shifting ground of national identity associated with the emerging British state. The Scots, moreover, provide a model for “successful” migration, suggesting that a range of factors—principally, an educated, culturally malleable, and economically responsive migrant population, alongside an institutionally and attitudinally flexible host community—need to be in place in order to optimize the chances of migrant assimilation.",
    author = "Brown, {Keith M.} and Allan Kennedy",
    year = "2018",
    month = "11",
    day = "8",
    doi = "10.1017/jbr.2018.113",
    language = "English",
    volume = "57",
    pages = "709--735",
    journal = "Journal of British Studies",
    issn = "0021-9371",
    publisher = "University of Chicago Press",
    number = "4",

    }

    A Land of Opportunity? The Assimilation of Scottish Migrants in England, 1603-c.1762. / Brown, Keith M.; Kennedy, Allan.

    In: Journal of British Studies, Vol. 57, No. 4, 08.11.2018, p. 709-735.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - A Land of Opportunity?

    T2 - The Assimilation of Scottish Migrants in England, 1603-c.1762

    AU - Brown, Keith M.

    AU - Kennedy, Allan

    PY - 2018/11/8

    Y1 - 2018/11/8

    N2 - Immigration and its consequences is one of the most contentious issues in the contemporary world, and historians are engaged in this debate by offering a longer-term perspective. In recent years, research on the United Kingdom's population has placed greater emphasis on population movement in shaping Britain's story, identifying waves of migrants from elsewhere alongside migration within Britain. One neglected aspect of this narrative, however, is the migration of Scots to England, particularly in the age of the regal and parliamentary union, when the changing political relationship between the two kingdoms had an impact on the scale, geographic spread, and opportunities and obstacles of that migration. While a minority of Scottish migrants were unwelcome, or chose to return home, the overwhelming weight of evidence is for those migrants who remained in England. The focus in this article is on that majority group for whom migration was a positive experience, thus raising questions about why these Scots were so successful and why they faced so little native opposition. That process of segmented assimilation offers an insight into the formation of Britain and the shifting ground of national identity associated with the emerging British state. The Scots, moreover, provide a model for “successful” migration, suggesting that a range of factors—principally, an educated, culturally malleable, and economically responsive migrant population, alongside an institutionally and attitudinally flexible host community—need to be in place in order to optimize the chances of migrant assimilation.

    AB - Immigration and its consequences is one of the most contentious issues in the contemporary world, and historians are engaged in this debate by offering a longer-term perspective. In recent years, research on the United Kingdom's population has placed greater emphasis on population movement in shaping Britain's story, identifying waves of migrants from elsewhere alongside migration within Britain. One neglected aspect of this narrative, however, is the migration of Scots to England, particularly in the age of the regal and parliamentary union, when the changing political relationship between the two kingdoms had an impact on the scale, geographic spread, and opportunities and obstacles of that migration. While a minority of Scottish migrants were unwelcome, or chose to return home, the overwhelming weight of evidence is for those migrants who remained in England. The focus in this article is on that majority group for whom migration was a positive experience, thus raising questions about why these Scots were so successful and why they faced so little native opposition. That process of segmented assimilation offers an insight into the formation of Britain and the shifting ground of national identity associated with the emerging British state. The Scots, moreover, provide a model for “successful” migration, suggesting that a range of factors—principally, an educated, culturally malleable, and economically responsive migrant population, alongside an institutionally and attitudinally flexible host community—need to be in place in order to optimize the chances of migrant assimilation.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056427787&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1017/jbr.2018.113

    DO - 10.1017/jbr.2018.113

    M3 - Article

    VL - 57

    SP - 709

    EP - 735

    JO - Journal of British Studies

    JF - Journal of British Studies

    SN - 0021-9371

    IS - 4

    ER -