A mathematical determination of foveal attachment in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment when obscured by bullous retina

Obaid Kousha (Lead / Corresponding author), Sonali Tarafdar, John Ellis

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Abstract

In primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), the foveal attachment is an important prognostic factors for post-operative vision. When the fovea is obscured by the RRD, its attachment status is considered uncertain. Using a model of the reduced emmetropic and − 10 dioptre myopic eye and the physical properties of the detached retina, we aimed to mathematically ascertain if it is clinically possible for the fovea to be attached while it is obscured by the primary RRD. With the patient upright, a primary RRD due to a 12 o’clock break directly above the fovea was considered. Mathematically, once the trough of the RRD touches the visual axis the edge of the RRD nearest to fovea is 2.77mm away from fovea in emmetropic eye and 2.89mm in myopic eye. When the RRD reaches the fovea, its trough is 2.20mm below the visual axis in emmetropic eye and 2.29mm in myopic eye. However, in vivo the RRD makes an acute angle with the retinal pigment epithelium and the corrugation of the retina in RRD shortens the retina. When these in vivo constraints are considered, in both of the above situations the fovea will be detached. If the fovea is obscured by an RRD, the fovea is very likely to be detached. In idiomatic terms, if the fovea cannot be seen, the fovea cannot see. This is an important clinical diagnosis for appropriate triage of the patient.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Number of pages5
JournalInternational journal of retina and vitreous
Volume8
Issue number1
Early online date3 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Macula off
  • Overhanging retina
  • Retinal detachment

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