A missense mutation in the catalytic domain of O-GlcNAc transferase links perturbations in protein O-GlcNAcylation to X-linked intellectual disability

Veronica M. Pravata, Mehmet Gundogdu, Sergio G. Bartual, Andrew T. Ferenbach, Marios Stavridis, Katrin Õunap, Sander Pajusalu, Riina Žordania, Monica H. Wojcik, Daan M. F. van Aalten (Lead / Corresponding author)

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X-linked Intellectual Disabilities (XLID) are common developmental disorders. The enzyme O-GlcNAc transferase encoded by OGT, a recently discovered XLID gene, attaches O-GlcNAc to nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. As few missense mutations have been described, it is unclear what the aetiology of the patient phenotypes is. Here, we report the discovery of a missense mutation in the catalytic domain of OGT in an XLID patient. X-ray crystallography reveals that this variant leads to structural rearrangements in the catalytic domain. The mutation reduces in vitro OGT activity on substrate peptides/protein. Mouse embryonic stem cells carrying the mutation reveal reduced O-GlcNAcase (OGA) and global O-GlcNAc levels. These data suggest a direct link between changes in the O-GlcNAcome and intellectual disability observed in patients carrying OGT mutations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFEBS Letters
Early online date18 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2019



  • O-GlcNAc
  • OGT
  • OGlcNAC transferase
  • XLID
  • intellectual disability
  • neurodevelopment

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