In order to accomplish the transition from avascular to vascular growth, solid tumours secrete a diffusible substance known as tumour angiogenesis factor (TAF) into the surrounding tissue. Endothelial cells which form the lining of neighbouring blood vessels respond to this chemotactic stimulus in a well-ordered sequence of events consisting, at minimum, of a degradation of their basement membrane, migration, and proliferation. A model mechanism is presented which includes the diffusion of the TAF into the surrounding host tissue and the response of the endothelial cells to the chemotactic stimulus. The model accounts for the main observed events associated with the endothelial cells during the process of angiogenesis (i.e. cell migration and proliferation); the numerical results compare very well with experimental observations. The situation where the tumour (i.e. the source of TAF) is removed and the vessels recede is also considered.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Mathematical Medicine and Biology: a Journal of the IMA|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
- Tumour angiogenesis factor
- Endothelial cells