A multicentre parallel-group randomised trial assessing multiparametric MRI characterisation and image-guided biopsy of prostate in men suspected of having prostate cancer: MULTIPROS study protocol

Magdalena Szewczyk-Bieda, Cheng Wei, Katherine Coll, Stephen Gandy, Peter Donnan, Senthil Kumar Arcot Ragupathy, Paras Singh, Jennifer Wilson, Ghulam Nabi (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Background: There is growing evidence suggesting that multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is a marker for prostate cancer (PCa) aggressiveness and could be used to plan treatment. Improving early detection of clinically significant PCa with pre-biopsy mpMRI would very likely have advantages including optimising the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and diminishing patient anxiety.

Methods and materials: This is a prospective multicentre study of pre-biopsy mpMRI diagnostic test accuracy with subgroup randomisation at a 1:1 ratio with respect to transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) and MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy or TRUS-only biopsy. It is designed as a single-gate study with a single set of inclusion criteria. The total duration of the recruitment phase was 48 months; however, this has now been extended to 66 months. A sample size of 600 participants is required.

Discussion: The primary objective is to determine whether mpMRI can improve PCa detection and characterisation. The key secondary objective is to determine whether MRI/US fusion-guided biopsy can reduce the number of false-negative biopsies. Ethical approval was obtained from the East of Scotland Research Ethics Committee 1 (14/ES/1070) on 20 November 2014. The results of this study will be used for publication and presentation in national and international journals and at scientific conferences.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02745496. Retrospectively registered on 20 April 2016.

Original languageEnglish
Article number638
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2019



  • Prostate cancer
  • Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging
  • Prostate biopsy

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