A New Model Concrete for Reduced-Scale Model Tests of Energy Geo-Structures

Davide Vitali, Anthony K. Leung (Lead / Corresponding author), Andrew Minto, Jonathan A. Knappett

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Concrete energy geo-structures such as piles and diaphragm walls exhibit complex thermomechanical behaviour and interaction with the surrounding soil. Small-scale physical model tests including the use of geotechnical centrifuges have been utilised to study such soil-structure interaction. However, existing materials used to model concrete energy geo-structures do not simultaneously scale both the mechanical and thermal properties. This study attempts to develop a new material that could have representative thermal and mechanical behaviour of concrete. The new material is a plaster-based mortar with the addition of fine copper powder. It is revealed that adding copper powder from 0 to 6% (by volume) to the mortar resulted in a 90% increase in thermal conductivity. More importantly, such an addition was not found to cause significant increase or reduction of the mechanical strength, including both the unconfined compressive strength and modulus of rupture. These findings suggest that while the thermal properties of concrete can be properly scaled, the new type of mortar can maintain its ability to also correctly scale the mechanical behaviour of concrete simultaneously. This will allow the study of a range of geotechnical problems, where thermal properties and structural strength are important, such as slope reinforcement using concrete energy piles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeo Chacago 2016
Subtitle of host publicationGeotechnics for sustainable energy
EditorsArvin Farid, Anirban De, Krishna R. Reddy, Nazil Yesiller, Dimitrios Zekkos
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480137
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventGeo-Chicago: sustainability, energy and the geoenvironment - Sheraton Grand Chicago, Chicago, United States
Duration: 14 Aug 201618 Aug 2016


CountryUnited States

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  • Research Output

    • 1 Citations
    • 2 Conference contribution
    • 1 Paper

    Variability of small scale model reinforced concrete and implications for geotechnical centrifuge testing

    Knappett, J., Brown, M., Shields, L., Al-Defae, A. H. & Loli, M., 24 Oct 2018, Physical Modelling in Geotechnics: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics (ICPMG 2018), July 17-20, 2018, London, United Kingdom. McNamara, A., Divall, S., Goodey, R., Taylor, N., Stallebrass, S. & Panchal, J. (eds.). 1 ed. CRC Press-Taylor & Francis Group, p. 241-246

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Open Access
  • 1 Citation (Scopus)
    106 Downloads (Pure)
  • Centrifuge testing of a bridge pier on a rocking isolated foundation supported on unconnected piles

    Loli, M., Knappett, J. A., Brown, M. J., Anastasopoulos, I. & Gazetas, G., 2015, 6ICEGE - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering. 8 p. 362

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Open Access
  • Cite this

    Vitali, D., Leung, A. K., Minto, A., & Knappett, J. A. (2016). A New Model Concrete for Reduced-Scale Model Tests of Energy Geo-Structures. In A. Farid, A. De, K. R. Reddy, N. Yesiller, & D. Zekkos (Eds.), Geo Chacago 2016: Geotechnics for sustainable energy (pp. 185-194). American Society of Civil Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480137.019