A non-hypoxic, ROS-sensitive pathway mediates TNF-α-dependent regulation of HIF-1α

John J. Haddad (Lead / Corresponding author), Stephen C. Land

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223 Citations (Scopus)


A non-hypoxic, reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive pathway mediating tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-dependent regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-α) was investigated in vitro. TNF-α mediated the translocation of HIF-1α, associated with up-regulating its activity under normoxia. Analysis of the mode of action of TNF-α revealed the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), superoxide anion (O2-•) and hydroxyl radical (OH). Antioxidants purported as prototypical scavengers of H2O2 and OH, attenuated TNF-α-induced HIF-1α activation, and blockading NADPH-oxidase by scavenging O2-• reduced the activity of HIF-1α. Inhibition of the mitochondrion complex I abrogated TNF-α-dependent activation of HIF-1α. Interrupting the respiratory chain reversed the excitatory effect of TNF-α on HIF-1α. These results indicate a non-hypoxic pathway mediating cytokine-dependent regulation of HIF-1α in a ROS-sensitive mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-274
Number of pages6
JournalFEBS Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2001


  • Antioxidant
  • Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α
  • Mitochondrion
  • Oxygen sensing
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α


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