Aerobically grown E. coli cells reduced Pd(II) via a novel mechanism using formate as the electron donor. This reduction was monitored in real-time using extended X-ray absorption fine structure. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that Pd(0) nanoparticles, confirmed by X-ray diffraction, were precipitated outside the cells. The rate of Pd(II) reduction by E. coli mutants deficient in a range of oxidoreductases was measured, suggesting a molybdoprotein-mediated mechanism, distinct from the hydrogenase-mediated Pd(II) reduction previously described for anaerobically grown E. coli cultures. The potential implications for Pd(II) recovery and bioPd catalyst fabrication are discussed.
- Escherichia coli
- palladium nanoparticles