Human factor C1 (HCF-1) is needed for the expression of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) immediate-early genes in infected mammalian cells. Here, we provide evidence that HCF-1 is required for spliceosome assembly and splicing in mammalian nuclear extracts. HCF-1 interacts with complexes containing splicing snRNPs in uninfected mammalian cells and is a stable component of the spliceosome complex. We show that a missense mutation in HCF-1 in the BHK21 hamster cell line tsBN67, at the non-permissive temperature, inhibits the protein's interaction with U1 and U5 splicing snRNPs, causes inefficient spliceosome assembly and inhibits splicing. Transient expression of wild-type HCF-1 in tsBN67 cells restores splicing at the non-permissive temperature. The inhibition of splicing in tsBN67 cells correlates with the temperature-sensitive cell cycle arrest phenotype, suggesting that HCF-1-dependent splicing events may be required for cell cycle progression.
- Factor C1
- Pre-mRNA splicing