A novel phospholipase from Trypanosoma brucei

Gregory S. Richmond, Terry K. Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Phospholipase A(1) activities have been detected in most cells where they have been sought and yet their characterization lags far behind that of the phospholipases A(2), C and D. The study presented here details the first cloning and characterization of a cytosolic PLA(1) that exhibits preference for phosphatidylcholine (GPCho) substrates. Trypanosoma brucei phospholipase A(1) (TbPLA(1)) is unique from previously identified eukaryotic PLA(1) because it is evolutionarily related to bacterial secreted PLA(1). A T. brucei ancestor most likely acquired the PLA(1) from a horizontal gene transfer of a PLA(1) from Sodalis glossinidius, a bacterial endosymbiont of tsetse flies. Nano-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis of TbPLA(1) mutants established that the enzyme functions in vivo to synthesize lysoGPCho metabolites containing long-chain mostly polyunsaturated and highly unsaturated fatty acids. Analysis of purified mutated recombinant forms of TbPLA(1) revealed that this enzyme is a serine hydrolase whose catalytic mechanism involves a triad consisting of the amino acid residues Ser-131, His-234 and Asp-183. The TbPLA(1) homozygous null mutants generated here constitute the only PLA(1) double knockouts from any organism.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1078-95
    Number of pages18
    JournalMolecular Microbiology
    Volume63
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

    Fingerprint

    Trypanosoma brucei brucei
    Phospholipases
    Phospholipases A
    Tsetse Flies
    Horizontal Gene Transfer
    Phospholipase D
    Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry
    Hydrolases
    Enterobacteriaceae
    Enzymes
    Tandem Mass Spectrometry
    Phosphatidylcholines
    Unsaturated Fatty Acids
    Serine
    Organism Cloning
    Amino Acids

    Keywords

    • Amino Acid Sequence
    • Animals
    • Base Sequence
    • Catalytic Domain
    • Cloning, Molecular
    • Cytosol
    • Evolution, Molecular
    • Hydrolysis
    • Lysophosphatidylcholines
    • Molecular Sequence Data
    • Mutation
    • Phosphatidylcholines
    • Phospholipases A
    • Phylogeny
    • Recombinant Proteins
    • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
    • Substrate Specificity
    • Trypanosoma brucei brucei

    Cite this

    Richmond, Gregory S. ; Smith, Terry K. / A novel phospholipase from Trypanosoma brucei. In: Molecular Microbiology. 2007 ; Vol. 63, No. 4. pp. 1078-95.
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    A novel phospholipase from Trypanosoma brucei. / Richmond, Gregory S.; Smith, Terry K.

    In: Molecular Microbiology, Vol. 63, No. 4, 02.2007, p. 1078-95.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Richmond, Gregory S.

    AU - Smith, Terry K.

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    N2 - Phospholipase A(1) activities have been detected in most cells where they have been sought and yet their characterization lags far behind that of the phospholipases A(2), C and D. The study presented here details the first cloning and characterization of a cytosolic PLA(1) that exhibits preference for phosphatidylcholine (GPCho) substrates. Trypanosoma brucei phospholipase A(1) (TbPLA(1)) is unique from previously identified eukaryotic PLA(1) because it is evolutionarily related to bacterial secreted PLA(1). A T. brucei ancestor most likely acquired the PLA(1) from a horizontal gene transfer of a PLA(1) from Sodalis glossinidius, a bacterial endosymbiont of tsetse flies. Nano-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis of TbPLA(1) mutants established that the enzyme functions in vivo to synthesize lysoGPCho metabolites containing long-chain mostly polyunsaturated and highly unsaturated fatty acids. Analysis of purified mutated recombinant forms of TbPLA(1) revealed that this enzyme is a serine hydrolase whose catalytic mechanism involves a triad consisting of the amino acid residues Ser-131, His-234 and Asp-183. The TbPLA(1) homozygous null mutants generated here constitute the only PLA(1) double knockouts from any organism.

    AB - Phospholipase A(1) activities have been detected in most cells where they have been sought and yet their characterization lags far behind that of the phospholipases A(2), C and D. The study presented here details the first cloning and characterization of a cytosolic PLA(1) that exhibits preference for phosphatidylcholine (GPCho) substrates. Trypanosoma brucei phospholipase A(1) (TbPLA(1)) is unique from previously identified eukaryotic PLA(1) because it is evolutionarily related to bacterial secreted PLA(1). A T. brucei ancestor most likely acquired the PLA(1) from a horizontal gene transfer of a PLA(1) from Sodalis glossinidius, a bacterial endosymbiont of tsetse flies. Nano-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry analysis of TbPLA(1) mutants established that the enzyme functions in vivo to synthesize lysoGPCho metabolites containing long-chain mostly polyunsaturated and highly unsaturated fatty acids. Analysis of purified mutated recombinant forms of TbPLA(1) revealed that this enzyme is a serine hydrolase whose catalytic mechanism involves a triad consisting of the amino acid residues Ser-131, His-234 and Asp-183. The TbPLA(1) homozygous null mutants generated here constitute the only PLA(1) double knockouts from any organism.

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