A point prevalence survey of antibiotic prescriptions: benchmarking and patterns of use

Mamoon A. Aldeyab, Mary P. Kearney, James C. McElnay, Fidelma A. Magee, Geraldine Conlon, Dianne Gill, Peter Davey, Arno Muller, Herman Goossens, Michael G. Scott, ESAC Hosp Care Subproject Grp

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    Abstract

    center dot Inappropriate antimicrobial use has been associated with increased morbidity and hospital costs.

    center dot Antibiotic policies aim to improve patient outcomes whilst reducing adverse effects associated with antimicrobial use.

    center dot More insight into the actual implementation of antibiotic policies is needed in order to explore patterns of antibiotic prescribing.

    WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS

    center dot This study assessed the current patterns of antibiotic prescribing and the impact of a hospital antibiotic policy on these practices.

    center dot It demonstrated the value of point prevalence surveys in informing antibiotic stewardship and identifying targets for quality improvements.

    center dot The study emphasized the importance of participating in international networks, such as the European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC), in supporting optimal antibiotic use.

    AIM

    The aim of the study was to assess current patterns of antibiotic prescribing and the impact of a hospital antibiotic policy on these practices.

    METHODS

    The study involved collecting information regarding hospitalized patients utilizing the ESAC audit tool.

    RESULTS

    In the study site hospital, the use of the restricted agents was low whilst the use of the non-restricted agents was high. Compliance with the hospital antibiotic guidelines was 70%.

    DISCUSSION

    The findings identified monitoring non-restricted antibiotics and compliance with guidelines as targets for quality improvements in our hospital. Point prevalence surveys may offer a simple method of monitoring antibiotic policies, thus, informing antibiotic stewardship.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)293-296
    Number of pages4
    JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
    Volume71
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

    Keywords

    • antibiotic policy
    • ESAC
    • point prevalence survey
    • INFECTION-CONTROL PRACTICES
    • PROGRAMS
    • IMPACT

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