A proof-of-concept study to assess the putative dose response to topical corticosteroid in persistent allergic rhinitis using adenosine monophosphate challenge

M. L. Barnes, D. Menzies, A. R. Nair, P. J. Hopkinson, B. J. Lipworth

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: The aim of this proof-of-concept study was to assess whether nasal adenosine monophosphate (AMP) challenge may be used to quantify dose response to topical fluticasone propionate (FP) in persistent allergic rhinitis (PER). Methods: Eligible subjects with PER entered a randomized double-blind crossover study of 2 weeks of intranasal FP at 100 µg or 400 µg daily, with a 2-week placebo washout period before each randomized treatment. Measurements after each washout or treatment comprised: peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) response to nasal AMP (the primary outcome), domiciliary PNIF, the mini rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (miniRQLQ), symptom scores, nasal nitric oxide levels and overnight urinary cortisol:creatinine ratios. Results: Thirteen patients completed per protocol. Maximal PNIF response to AMP was attenuated 0.9% (95% confidence interval -7.1 to 9.0, P=NS) by FP 100 µg, and 12.9% (4.8-20.9, P=0.009) by FP 400 µg. The 400-100 µg difference was 12.0% U (2.6-21.3, P=0.049). None of the other outcomes were responsive enough to detect any significant treatment effects. The standardized response means to FP 400 µg were 81% for AMP challenge, 54% for domiciliary PNIF, 53% for miniRQLQ, 24% for symptom scores and 18% for nasal nitric oxide. No adrenal suppression was detected at either dose. Conclusion: FP exhibited dose-related suppression of nasal airway hyperresponsiveness to AMP challenge, but without associated detectable adrenal suppression at the higher dose. Moreover, the AMP response demonstrated the highest signal to noise ratio compared with other outcome measures in PER. © 2007 The Authors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)696-703
    Number of pages8
    JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
    Volume37
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2007

    Keywords

    • Adenosine Monophosphate
    • Adolescent
    • Adult
    • Aged
    • Androstadienes
    • Cross-Over Studies
    • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
    • Double-Blind Method
    • Drug Monitoring
    • Female
    • Glucocorticoids
    • Humans
    • Male
    • Middle Aged
    • Nasal Provocation Tests
    • Quality of Life
    • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial
    • Treatment Outcome

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