A proposed harmonized LPS molecular-subtyping scheme for Cronobacter species

Qiongqiong Yan, Karen G. Jarvis, Hannah R. Chase, Karine Hébert, Larisa H. Trach, Chloe Lee, Jennifer Sadowski, Boram Lee, Seongeun Hwang, Venugopal Sathyamoorthy, Niall Mullane, Monica Pava-Ripoll, Carol Iversen, Franco Pagotto, Séamus Fanning, Ben D. Tall (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)


    Cronobacter are opportunistic pathogens, which cause infections in all age groups. To aid the characterization of Cronobacter in foods and environments a harmonized LPS identification scheme for molecular serotyping is needed. To this end, we studied 409 Cronobacter isolates representing the seven Cronobacter species using two previously reported molecular serotyping schemes, described here as Mullane-Jarvis (M-J) and Sun schemes. PCR analysis revealed many overlapping results that were obtained when independently applying the two serotyping schemes. There were complete agreements between the two PCR schemes for Cronobacter sakazakii (Csak) O:1, Csak O:3, and Csak O:7 serotypes. However, only thirty-five of 41 Csak O:4 strains, identified using the M-J scheme, were PCR-positive with the Sun scheme primers. Also the Sun scheme Csak O:5 primers failed to identify this serotype in any of the C. sakazakii strains tested, but did recognize seven Cronobacter turicensis strains, which were identified as Ctur O:3 using the M-J scheme. Similarly, the Sun scheme Csak O:6 primers recognized 30 Cronobacter malonaticus O:2 strains identified with the M-J scheme, but failed to identify this serotype in any C. sakazakii strain investigated. In this report, these findings are summarized and a harmonized molecular-serotyping scheme is proposed which is predicated on the correct identification of Cronobacter species, prior to serotype determination. In summary, fourteen serotypes were identified using the combined protocol, which consists of Csak O:1-O:4, and Csak O:7; Cmal O:1-O:2; Cdub O:1-O:2, Cmuy O:1-O:2, Cuni O:1, as well as Ctur O:1 and Ctur O:3.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)38-43
    Number of pages6
    JournalFood Microbiology
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2015


    • Cronobacter
    • LPS
    • Molecular serotyping
    • SDS-PAGE

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Food Science
    • Microbiology


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