The SUMO family in vertebrates includes at least three distinct proteins (SUMO-1, -2, and -3) that are added as post-translational modifications to target proteins. A considerable number of SUMO-1 target proteins have been identified, but little is known about SUMO-2. A stable HeLa cell line expressing His6-tagged SUMO-2 was established and used to label and purify novel endogenous SUMO-2 target proteins. Tagged forms of SUMO-2 were functional and localized predominantly in the nucleus. His6-tagged SUMO-2 conjugates were affinity-purified from nuclear fractions and identified by mass spectrometry. Eight novel potential SUMO-2 target proteins were identified by at least two peptides. Three of these proteins, SART1, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (RNP) M, and the U5 small nuclear RNP 200-kDa helicase, play a role in RNA metabolism. SART1 and heterogeneous nuclear RNP M were both shown to be genuine SUMO targets, confirming the validity of the approach.