A quantitative description of the binding equilibria of para-substituted aniline ligands and CdSe quantum dots

Martin D. Donakowski, Jacqueline M. Godbe, Rastko Sknepnek, Kathryn E. Knowles, Monica Olvera de la Cruz, Emily A. Weiss

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper describes the use of 1H NMR spectroscopy to measure the equilibrium constants for the solution-phase binding of two para-substituted aniline molecules (R-An), p-methoxyaniline (Me0-An) and p-bromoaniline (Br-An), to colloidal 4.1 nm CdSe quantum dots (QDs). Changes in the chemical shifts of the aromatic protons located ortho to the amine group on R-An were used to construct a binding isotherm for each R-An/QD system. These isotherms fit to a Langmuir function to yield Ka, the equilibrium constant for binding of the R-An ligands to the QDs; Ka almost equal to 150 M-1 and DeltaGads almost equal to -19 kJ/mol for both R = MeO and R = Br. 31P NMR indicates that the native octylphosphonate ligands, which, by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, cover 90% of the QD surface, are not displaced upon binding of R-An. The MeO-An ligand quenches the photoluminescence of the QDs at much lower concentrations than does Br-An; the observation, therefore, that Ka,K-MeO-An almost equal to Ka,Br-An shows that this difference in quenching efficiencies is due solely to differences in the nature of the electronic interactions of the bound R-An with the excitonic state of the QD.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)22526-22534
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
    Volume114
    Issue number51
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

    Keywords

    • COLLOIDAL NANOCRYSTALS
    • SURFACE-CHEMISTRY
    • PHOTOLUMINESCENCE
    • CADMIUM-SELENIDE
    • NANOPARTICLES
    • OPTICAL-PROPERTIES
    • SENSITIZED SOLAR-CELL
    • DYNAMICS
    • MAGNETIC-RESONANCE-SPECTROSCOPY
    • SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS

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