A randomized controlled trial protocol assessing the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of methotrexate vs. ciclosporin in the treatment of severe atopic eczema in children: the TREatment of severe Atopic eczema Trial (TREAT)

TREAT Trial Investigators, A. D. Irvine, A. P. Jones, P. Beattie, S. Baron, F. Browne, F. Ashoor, L. O'Neill, A. Rosala-Hallas, T. Sach, C. Spowart, L. Taams, C. Walker, M. Wan, N. Webb, P. Williamson, C. Flohr (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Oral systemic immunomodulatory medication is regularly used off-licence in children with severe atopic eczema. However, there is no firm evidence regarding the effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness and impact on quality of life from an adequately powered randomized controlled trial (RCT) using systemic medication in children.

Objectives: To assess whether there is a difference in the speed of onset, effectiveness, side-effect profile and reduction in flares post-treatment between ciclosporin (CyA) and methotrexate (MTX), and also the cost-effectiveness of the drugs. Treatment impact on quality of life will also be examined in addition to whether FLG genotype influences treatment response. In addition, the trial studies the immune–metabolic effects of CyA and MTX.

Methods: Multicentre, parallel group, assessor-blind, pragmatic RCT of 36 weeks’ duration with a 24-week follow-up period. In total, 102 children aged 2–16 years with moderate-to-severe atopic eczema, unresponsive to topical treatment will be randomized (1 : 1) to receive MTX (0·4 mg kg−1 per week) or CyA (4 mg kg−1 per day).

Results: The trial has two primary outcomes: change from baseline to 12 weeks in Objective Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (o-SCORAD) and time to first significant flare following treatment cessation.

Conclusions: This trial addresses important therapeutic questions, highlighted in systematic reviews and treatment guidelines for atopic eczema. The trial design is pragmatic to reflect current clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1306
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume179
Issue number6
Early online date28 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A randomized controlled trial protocol assessing the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of methotrexate vs. ciclosporin in the treatment of severe atopic eczema in children: the TREatment of severe Atopic eczema Trial (TREAT)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    TREAT Trial Investigators, Irvine, A. D., Jones, A. P., Beattie, P., Baron, S., Browne, F., Ashoor, F., O'Neill, L., Rosala-Hallas, A., Sach, T., Spowart, C., Taams, L., Walker, C., Wan, M., Webb, N., Williamson, P., & Flohr, C. (2018). A randomized controlled trial protocol assessing the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of methotrexate vs. ciclosporin in the treatment of severe atopic eczema in children: the TREatment of severe Atopic eczema Trial (TREAT). British Journal of Dermatology, 179(6), 1297-1306. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.16717