A Rapid Photopatterning Method for Selective Plating of 2D and 3D Microcircuitry on Polyetherimide

Jose Marques-Hueso, Thomas D. A. Jones, David Ewan Gray Watson, Assel Ryspayeva, Mohammadreza Nekouie Esfahani, Matthew P. Shuttleworth, Russell A. Harris, Robert W. Kay, Marc Phillipe Yves Desmulliez

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    41 Citations (Scopus)
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    In this work, a method for the rapid synthesis of metallic microtracks on polyetherimide is presented. The method relies on the photosynthesis of silver nanoparticles on the surface of the polymer substrates from photosensitive silver chloride (AgCl), which is synthesized directly on the polyetherimide surface. The study reveals that the use of AgCl as a photosensitive intermediate accelerates the reactions leading to the formation of silver nanoparticles by up to two orders of magnitude faster than other photodecomposition schemes. The patterning can be conducted under blue light, with notable advantages over UV exposure. Polymers of significant interest to the microelectronics and 3D printing industries can be directly patterned by light using this photography-inspired technique at throughputs high enough to be commercially advantageous. Light exposures as short as a few seconds are sufficient to allow the direct metallization of the illuminated polyetherimide surface. The results show that the silver required for the seed layer is minimal, and the later copper electroless plating results in the selective growth of conductive tracks for circuitry on the light-patterned areas, both on flexible films and 3D printed surfaces.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1704451
    Number of pages8
    JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
    Issue number6
    Early online date15 Dec 2017
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2018


    • 3D printing
    • circuitry
    • photopatterning methods
    • plating
    • polyetherimide


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