A Research Note on Multinationality and Firm Performance: Nonparametric Frontier Analysis

Kevin Grant (Lead / Corresponding author), Roman Matousek, Martin Meyer, Nickolaos Tzeremes

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    1 Citation (Scopus)
    82 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Purpose: This study provides a fresh insight into the examination of the comparison between multinationality and firm performance, measured through technical efficiency levels by overcoming methodological constraints and misunderstandings presented in earlier research.

    Design/methodology/approach: We estimate firms’ efficiency levels in a production function-type framework through technical efficiency levels using nonparametric data envelopment analysis (DEA). We include firms from both developed and developing economies, from different national origins and with different sectoral characteristics, with a particular focus on knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) and capital-intensive business services (CIBS).

    Findings: The study confirms for the case of KIBS the existence of the three-stage sigmoid (S-shaped) hypothesis between multinationality and firm performance measured through technical efficiency levels. Finally, the empirical findings reveal that CIBS exhibit only the first two stages, thus forming a ‘U’-shape relationship.

    Originality/value: We propose the application of different firms’ performance measurements, providing us with the ability to unpack a firms’ managerial decision processes with regards to determining the optimised investment(s) in technology and research and development and with a particular focus on knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) and capital-intensive business services (CIBS).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1408-1424
    Number of pages17
    JournalInternational Journal of Operations and Production Management
    Volume37
    Issue number10
    Early online date21 Aug 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2017

    Keywords

    • management
    • Data envelopment analysis
    • firm
    • perfomance
    • multinationality

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